Did giants once live in North America?
Archaeologists have found seven feet tall skeletons in the burial mounds of towns in the Southeast that were ancestral to the Creek Indians.
Credit: VR Image by Richard Thornton
It is a popular debate these days on paranormal science television programs and “outside the box” archaeology web sites. Professional anthropologists seem to avoid the issue, but there is substantial evidence that at least some of the folklore about giants was true.
As European settlers pushed across North America in the late 1700s and 1800s, newspapers periodically printed stories about giant skeletons being found. Some were described as being normal human beings, but very tall. Other skeletons had skulls with primitive hominid features such as were found in East Africa in the late 20th century. Very few, if any, ended up in the possession of forensic biologists, who could analyze the skeletal remains and verify their authenticity.
The most credible stories of giant skeletons were concentrated in the Appalachians, Cumberland Plateau and Ohio Basin. They were typically found in graves lined with stone slabs or field stones. These graves corresponded to an indigenous culture later recognized by professional archaeologists. It was known as the Stone Box Grave Culture. For example, The Natural and Aboriginal History of Tennessee by John Haywood discussed the discovery in 1821 in White County, TN of seven feet tall skeletons in stone lined sarcophaguses in a burial area that also included skeletal remains of normal size.
Native American tribes of the Midwest had legends of lightly pigmented, yellow-haired or red-haired giants living in the Great Lakes Region or southern Canada, who occasionally traveled southward into their territories. Some encounters were benign and some resulted in warfare. The Cherokees claimed to have eliminated the last “white Indians” while still living in Kentucky and West Virginia.
Pioneers entering the West in the middle and late 1800s sometimes found what they assumed were giant fossilized human skeletons along exposed banks and in caves. Skulls were described as being much thicker than modern humans. Some reports claimed that the skulls had double-rows of teeth. No human skulls with such features have been found by professional archaeologists in North American locations. They may be found in the future, however.
Several Native American tribes in the West have legends of past confrontations with lightly pigmented giants with either blond or red hair. The most detailed stories come from the Paiutes, who claimed that the giants were cannibals, who hunted Paiutes for food. The Paiutes supposedly attacked the giants repeatedly until their numbers were reduced to a handful. According to the Paiutes, the surviving giants were cornered in a cave then either shot with arrows or asphyxiated by setting a fire at the entrance.
There are numerous photographs of enormous skeletons on the web. Most can easily be discerned as hoaxes. While stories of eight to twelve feet tall Caucasian skeletons may be exaggerations, there are several reports and discoveries that appear to give credence to belief that exceptionally tall people did live in North and South America prior to the arrival of Spanish explorers.
The father of his country would never lie!
In 1754, George Washington was colonel of the Virginia Colonial militia. When open hostilities broke out with France, he was ordered to supervise construction of a fort in Winchester, VA. It was named Fort Loudon. Laborers digging the fort's foundation immediately uncovered a cemetery containing seven feet tall skeletons and what appeared to be Native American artifacts. The skeletons were viewed and reported by Washington. It is not known what happened to them. Part of Fort Loudon remains today in Downtown Winchester and is open to the public as a museum.
Washington’s discovery gives much credibility to the reports of seven feet tall skeletons being discovered in West Virginia, Kentucky, southern Ohio and southern Indiana. However, several amateur historians have carried the factuality of the Fort Loudon skeletons too far, by assuming that these people built the Adena and Hopewell mounds. The skeletons of the peoples associated with the Adena and Hopewell mounds are very different than those described as being seven feet tall. Several books and web sites precede even further into fantasyland by assigning tribal names, or even the names of leaders to these skeletons. No writing has ever been found in association with the giant skeletons. None of the skeletons found in Winchester of the mountainous region to its west, have ever been studied by anthropologists to detrmine their ethnicity. Since they no longer exist, it is impossible to label them either Native American, European or African.
Hernando de Soto Expedition
In the early spring of 1541 de Soto’s army traveled from the Florida Panhandle to Middle Georgia. Its officers immediately noted that the peoples in that region were more advanced culturally and averaged a foot taller than the Spanish. These were the Okonee and Tamatli branches of the Muskogean Culture – ancestors of the Creek Indians. The Spanish called them Los Indios Gigantes . . . the Giant Indians. De Soto’s chroniclers claimed that some Great Suns (Chief Priests) of the ancestral Creek provinces were seven feet tall. To a 5 ft.– 4 in. Spanish soldier, such a man would indeed appear to be a giant.
During the mid-20th century, archaeologists found seven feet tall skeletons in royal burials at Ocmulgee National Monument and Etowah Mounds National Historic Landmark. Both these town sites were ancestral to the Creek Indians, so the stories of the Spanish are quite plausible. Creek men today, especially in northern Alabama and Georgia, tend to be exceptionally tall.
The Province of Duhare (DuH’Eire)
In early 1521, Francisco Gordillo and Pedro de Quejo secretly sailed ships to the Carolina coast to capture Native American slaves and scout out potential locations for new colonies. They captured 70 Chicora to bring back to Hispaniola as slaves. While Gordillo and Quejo treated the Chicora Indians with treachery, their relations with another province, Duhare, were amiable.
The inhabitants of Duhare were described as being Europeans, who seemed to possess few metal tools. They had red to brown hair, tan skin and gray eyes. The men wore full beards and were much taller than the Spanish. The houses and pottery of Duhare were apparently similar to those of American Indians.
In many respects, the Duhare had similar lifestyles to neighboring American Indian provinces, for one exception . . . They raised many types of livestock including chickens, ducks, geese and deer. According to all Spanish sources, the Duhare maintained large herds of domesticated deer and made cheese from deer milk! To scholars studying the account in the past 500 years, dairy deer seemed totally implausible. However, several Gaelic tribes in Ireland and Scotland did develop domesticated, dairy deer before dairy cows were introduced by English monks. Several Spanish sources, including de Ayllón, stated that the Duhare owned some horses.
The people of Duhare were also skilled farmers. They grew large quantities of Indian corn, plus another grain, which the Spanish did not recognize. They also grew several varieties of potatoes and all the other vegetables that had been developed in the New World.
The king of Duhare was named Datha. He was described by the Spanish as being a giant . . . the largest man they had ever seen. He had wife as tall as him. Datha had brightly colored paint or tattoos on his skin that seemed to distinguish him from the commoners. Duhare can either be translated as “di-hAicher - place of the Clan Hare” . . . or if the Duhare came from west of the Shannon River, it meant, “du’hEir – place of the Irish.” Datha was a standard Medieval Irish Gaelic word that means “painted.” Since the Spanish recorded that he covered his skin with pigments or tattoos, as was traditional among the Celts, this name makes perfect sense.
The physical appearance of the people of Duhare exactly matches descriptions made by Midwestern Indians of the red-haired giants in Canada. It is quite plausible that the people of Duhare were not the only Irish Gaelic Caucasians in the Western Hemisphere before Columbus.
Large skeletons discovered in Nevada Cave
During 1918, archaeologists working in the Lovelock Cave owned by a guano mining operation discovered over 10,000 Neolithic artifacts. Many of the artifacts such as stone tools and sandals seem too large to have been made by standard sized humans. A man and women’s skeletons were retrieved in addition to several detached human bones. The male was said to be eight feet tall. Supposedly, most of the artifacts were lost in a fire, but the skulls are on display at the Humboldt County Museum in Winnemucca, Nevada. There is no doubt that the skull is Homo sapiens, but dwarfs contemporary Native American skulls. According to archaeologist, Steve McNallen, the proportions of the skull resemble the skull of Kennewick Man. Several Caucasian-like skulls dating before 6000 BC have also been found in Florida, but they are not supersized.
While the existence of seven feet tall Native Americans has been proven by archaeologists, the presence of equally tall Caucasians in North America prior to 1492, can not yet be considered a fact. The Spanish archives must be corroborated with the authentication of a complete 7 feet tall or more Caucasian skeleton found in a location that can be radiocarbon dated, before such a situation can be classified as definitely true.
From Examiner @ http://www.examiner.com/article/did-giants-once-live-north-america?cid=PROD-redesign-right-next
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