"All the world's a stage we pass through." - R. Ayana

Friday, 28 November 2014

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions of All Time

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions 
of All Time

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever

 



Imagine what our society would be like if only 1 or 2 of these inventions weren’t suppressed?


Throughout history there have been countless attempts to discourage new technologies only to protect other people’s self-interests. Below are some of the most suppressed inventions ever.

 

The Original Electric Car: Unplugged?

 

The Original Electric Car: Unplugged?




Perhaps the most notorious suppressed invention is the General Motors EV1, subject of the 2006 documentary, Who Killed the Electric Car? The EV1 was the world’s first mass-produced electric car, with 800 of them up for lease from GM in the late ’90s. GM ended the EV1 line in 1999, stating that consumers weren’t happy with the limited driving range of the car’s batteries, making it unprofitable to continue production.

Many skeptics, however, believe GM killed the EV1 under pressure from oil companies, who stand to lose the most if high-efficiency vehicles conquer the market. It didn’t help that GM hunted down and destroyed every last EV1, ensuring the technology would die out.

BMSS  Addendum:  While we are starting to see some electric cars come onto the market, their efficiency is long to be desired as most will not run for very long and would be virtually impossible to use on long trips.  For example, the world’s first car made entirely from hemp runs on electricity but can only be driven for 100 miles before it needs to be recharged.

Also see: The World’s Most Eco-Friendly Car Made Entirely From Hemp

 

The Death of the American Streetcar

 

The Death of the American Streetcar


In 1921, if the streetcar industry wasn’t actually naming streetcars Desire, it was certainly desiring more streetcars. They netted $1 billion, causing General Motors to hemorrhage $65 million in the face of a thriving industry. GM retaliated by buying and closing hundreds of independent railway companies, boosting the market for gas-guzzling GM buses and cars. While a recent urban movement to rescue mass transit has been underway, it is unlikely we’ll ever see streetcars return to their former glory.

 

The 99-MPG Car

 

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever


The holy grail of automotive technology is the 99-mpg car. Although the technology has been available for years, automakers have deliberately withheld it from the U.S. market. In 2000, the New York Times reported a little-known fact, at least to most: A diesel-powered dynamo called the Volkswagen Lupo had driven around the world averaging higher than 99 mpg. The Lupo was sold in Europe from 1998 to 2005 but, once again, automakers prevented it from coming to market; they claimed Americans had no interest in small, fuel-efficient cars.

BMSS Addendum:  We are starting to see evidence of cars that will now exceed 99 mpg as evidenced in a recent article entitled, “Volkswagen’s New 300 MPG Car Not Allowed In America“.  For the most part, the major auto manufacturers are in bed with Big Oil and will continue to suppress the manufacturing of these cars for as long as they can.

 

Free Energy

 

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever


Nikola Tesla was more than just the inspiration for a hair metal band, he was also an undisputed genius. In 1899, he figured out a way to bypass fossil-fuel-burning power plants and power lines, proving that “free energy” could be harnessed using ionization in the upper atmosphere to produce electrical vibrations. J.P. Morgan, who had been funding Tesla’s research, had a bit of buyer’s remorse when he realized that free energy for all wasn’t as profitable as, say, actually charging people for every watt of energy use. Morgan then drove another nail in free energy’s coffin by chasing away other investors, ensuring Tesla’s dream would die.


For more information see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/free%20energy - and see 'older posts' at the end of each section

 

Miracle Cancer Cure

 

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever




In 2001, Nova Scotian Rick Simpson discovered that a cancerous spot on his skin disappeared within a few days of applying an essential oil made from marijuana. Since then, Simpson and others have treated thousands of cancer patients with incredible success. Researchers in Spain have confirmed that THC, an active compound in marijuana, kills brain-tumor cells in human subjects and shows promise with breast, pancreatic and liver tumors. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, however, classifies marijuana as a Schedule I drug, meaning that it has no accepted medical use, unlike Schedule II drugs, like cocaine and methamphetamine, which may provide medical benefits. What a buzzkill.

 

Water-Powered Vehicles

 

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever




Despite how silly it sounds, water-fueled vehicles do exist. The most famous is Stan Meyer’s dune buggy, which achieved 100 miles per gallon and might have become more commonplace had Meyer not succumbed to a suspicious brain aneurysm at 57. Insiders have loudly claimed that Meyer was poisoned after he refused to sell his patents or end his research. Fearing a conspiracy, his partners have all but gone underground (or should we say underwater?) and taken his famed water-powered dune buggy with them. We just hope someone finally brings back the amphibious car.


For more information see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/water%20fuel - and see 'older posts' at the end of each section

 

Chronovisor

 

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever


What if you had a device that could see into the future and revisit the past? And what if you didn’t need Christopher Lloyd to help you? Father Pellegrino Maria Ernetti, an Italian priest, claimed in the 1960s to have invented what he called a Chronovisor, something that allowed him to witness Christ’s crucifixion. The device supposedly enabled viewers to watch any event in human history by tuning in to remnant vibrations that are caused by every action. (His team of researchers and builders included Enrico Fermi, who also worked on the first atomic bomb). On his deathbed, Fermi admitted that he had faked viewings of ancient Greece and Christ’s demise, but insisted the Chronovisor, which had by then vanished, still worked. Unsurprisingly, conspiracy theorists say the Vatican is now the likely owner of the original Chronovisor.

 

Rife Devices

 

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever





American inventor Royal Rife (his real name), in 1934, cured 14 “terminal” cancer patients and hundreds of animal cancers by aiming his “beam ray” at what he called the “cancer virus.” So why isn’t the Rife Ray in use today?A 1986 book, The Cancer Cure That Worked, Fifty Years of Suppression, by Barry Lynes and John Crane, revived the Rife device affair. The book, written in a style typical of conspiratorial theorists, cites names, dates, events and places, giving the appearance of authenticity to a mixture of historical documents and speculations selectively spun into a web far too complex to permit verification by any thing short of a army of investigators with unlimited resources. The authors claim that Rife successfully demonstrated his device’s cancer curing ability in 1934, but that “all reports describing the cure were censored by the head of the AMA from the major medical journals.” A 1953 U.S. Senate special investigation concluded that Fishbein and the AMA had conspired with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to suppress various alternative cancer treatments that conflicted with the AMA’s pre-determined view that “radium, x-ray therapy and surgery are the only recognized treatments for cancer.”


For more information see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/royal%20rife - and see 'older posts' at the end of each section

 

 

Cloudbuster

 

Cloudbuster

In 1953, a drought threatened Maine’s blueberry crop, and several farmers offered to pay Reich if he could make it rain. The weather bureau had reportedly forecast no rain for several days when Reich began the experiment at 10 a.m. on July 6, 1953. The Bangor Daily News reported on July 24:

Dr. Reich and three assistants set up their “rain-making” device off the shore of Grand Lake. The device, a set of hollow tubes, suspended over a small cylinder, connected by a cable, conducted a “drawing” operation for about an hour and ten minutes. According to a reliable source in Ellsworth the following climatic changes took place in that city on the night of July 6 and the early morning of July 7: “Rain began to fall shortly after ten o’clock Monday evening, first as a drizzle and then by midnight as a gentle, steady rain. Rain continued throughout the night, and a rainfall of 0.24 inches was recorded in Ellsworth the following morning.”

A puzzled witness to the “rain-making” process said: “The queerest looking clouds you ever saw began to form soon after they got the thing rolling.” And later the same witness said the scientists were able to change the course of the wind by manipulation of the device.

The blueberry crop survived, the farmers declared themselves satisfied, and Reich received his fee.

For more information see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/wilhelm%20reich - and see 'older posts' at the end of each section

 

Overunity Generator

 

Overunity Generator

A number of overunity generators, which produce more energy than they take to run, have surfaced in the past century. Ironically, they have been more trouble than they were worth. In nearly all cases, a supposedly working prototype has been unable to make it to commercial production as a result of various corporate or government forces working against the technology. Recently, the Lutec 1000, an “electricity amplifier,” has been making steady progress toward a final commercial version. Will consumers soon be able to buy it, or will it too be suppressed?


For more information see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/overunity  - and see 'older posts' at the end of each section

Cold Fusion

 

Cold Fushion

Billions of dollars have been spent researching how to create energy using controlled “hot fusion,” a risky and unpredictable line of experimentation. Meanwhile, garage scientists and a fringe group of university researchers have been getting closer to harnessing the power of “cold fusion,” which is much more stable and controllable, but far less supported by government and foundation money. In 1989, Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons announced that they had made a breakthrough and had observed cold fusion in a glass jar on their lab bench. To say the reaction they received was chilly would be an understatement. CBS’s 60 Minutes described how the resulting backlash from the well-funded hot-fusion crowd sent the researchers underground and overseas, where within a few years their funding dried up, forcing them to drop their pursuit of clean energy.


For more information see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/cold%20fusion  - and see 'older posts' at the end of each section

Hot Fusion

 

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever


Cold fusion isn’t the only technology to get buried by hot-headed scientists. When two physicists who were working on the decades-long Tokamak Hot Fusion project at Los Alamos Laboratory stumbled across a cheaper, safer method of creating energy from colliding atoms, they were allegedly forced to repudiate their own discoveries or be fired; the lab feared losing the torrent of government money for Tokamak. In retaliation, the lead researchers created the Focus Fusion Society, which raises private money to fund their research outside of government interference.

 

Magnetofunk and Himmelkompass

 

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever



Nazi scientists spent much of World War II hidden in a covert military base somewhere in the arctic, creating the Magnetofunk. This alleged invention was designed to deflect the compasses of Allied aircraft that might be searching for Point 103, as the base was known. The aircraft pilots would think they were flying in a straight line, but would gradually curve around Point 103 without ever knowing they were deceived. The Himmelkompass allowed German navigators to orient themselves to the position of the sun, rather than magnetic forces, so they could find Point 103 despite the effects of the Magnetofunk. According to Wilhelm Landig, a former SS officer, these two devices were closely guarded secrets of the Third Reich. So closely guarded were they that neither device apparently survived the collapse of Hitler’s Germany, although the real tragedy is that no one has ever named their band Magnetofunk.

 

A Safer Cigarette?

 

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever


In the 1960s, the Liggett & Myers tobacco company created a product called the XA, a cigarette in which most of the stick’s carcinogens had been eliminated. Dr. James Mold, Liggett’s Research Director, reported in court documents in the case of “The City and County of San Francisco vs. Phillip Morris, Inc.,” that Phillip Morris threatened to “clobber” Liggett if they did not adhere to an industry agreement never to reveal information about the negative health effects of smoking. By advertising a “safer” alternative, they would be admitting the dangers of tobacco use. The lawsuit was dismissed on a technicality and Phillip Morris never addressed the accusations. Despite their own scientists’ publication of research that showed less cancer in mice exposed to smoke from the XA, Liggett & Myers issued a press released denying evidence of cancer in humans as a result of tobacco use, and the XA never saw the light of day.

 

TENS

 

Transcutaneous Electronic Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

The Transcutaneous Electronic Nerve Stimulation (TENS) device was created to alleviate pain impulses from the body without the use of drugs. In 1974, Johnson & Johnson bought StimTech, one of the first companies to sell the machine, and proceeded to starve the TENS division of money, causing it to flounder. StimTech sued, alleging that Johnson & Johnson purposely stifled the TENS technology to protect sales of its flagship drug, Tylenol. Johnson & Johnson responded that the device never performed as well as was claimed and that it was not profitable. StimTech’s founders won $170 Million, although the ruling was appealed and overturned on a technicality. The court’s finding that the corporation suppressed the TENS device was never overturned.

 

The Phoebus Cartel

 

The 18 Most Suppressed Inventions Ever


Phillips, GE and Osram engaged in a conspiracy from 1924 to 1939 with the goal of controlling the fledgling light-bulb industry, according to a report published in Time magazine six years later. The alleged cartel set prices and suppressed competing technologies that would have produced longer-lasting and more efficient light bulbs. By the time the cabal dissolved, the industry-standard incandescent bulb was established as the dominant source of artificial light across Europe and North America. Not until the late 1990s did compact fluorescent bulbs begin to edge into the worldwide lighting market as an alternative.

 

The Coral Castle

 

The Coral Castle

How did Ed Leedskalnin build the massive Coral Castle in Homestead, Florida, out of giant chunks of coral weighing up to 30 tons each with no heavy equipment and no outside help? Theories abound, including anti-gravity devices, magnetic resonance and alien technology, but the answer may never be known. Leedskalnin died in 1951 without any written plans or clues as to his techniques. The centerpiece of the castle, which is now a museum open to the public, is a nine-ton gate that used to move with light pressure from one finger. After the gate’s bearings wore out in the 1980s, a crew of five took more than two weeks to fix it, although they never did get it to work as effortlessly as Leedskalnin’s original masterpiece.


For more information see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/coral%20castle  - and see 'older posts' at the end of each section

 

Hemp Bio-fuel

 

Hemp Bio-fuel

The father of the United States, George Washington, who is rumored to have said “I cannot tell a lie,” was a proud supporter of the hemp seed. Of course, the only thing more suppressed in this country than an honest politician is hemp, which is often mistakenly for marijuana and therefore unfairly maligned. Governmental roadblocks, meanwhile, prevent hemp from becoming the leader in extracting ethanol, allowing environmentally damaging sources like corn to take over the ethanol industry. Despite the fact that it requires fewer chemicals, less water and less processing to do the same job, hemp has never caught on. Experts also lay the blame at the feet of (who else?) Presidential candidates, who kiss up to Iowa corn growers for votes.


From Body, Mind Soul Spirit @ http://www.bodymindsoulspirit.com/the-18-most-suppressed-inventions-ever/


For more suppressed inventions see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/suppressed%20technology
- Scroll down through ‘Older Posts’ at the end of each section


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Thursday, 27 November 2014

Who’s Tripping Who? Did Psychedelic Plants Domesticate Us?


Who’s Tripping Who?
Did Psychedelic Plants Domesticate Us?








Humankind has had a profound impact on the ecology of the planet since our rise to dominance, becoming masters in shaping the world around us and bending nature to our whims. Many plants and fungi have grown strong associations with our species. Although unable to move, plants have managed to exploit animals into pollinating them and spreading their genes far and wide. Animals are again exploited in the movement of plant seeds and fungal spores, so as to spread their influence further. When Man enters this picture, things become yet more complex.

Through our long term association with plants and fungi, we have discovered a vast array of species we consider valuable for a multitude of different reasons; as foods, building materials, medicines, poisons and intoxicants. Any species we deem to be of value have tended to benefit in our association with us, by our spreading them far beyond what their range would otherwise be, and often by our manipulation of the surrounding ecology to provide them with optimal habitat while markedly reducing their competition with species we find less favourable.

Grasses have done very well through their association with Man. The domestication of grasses such as rice, wheat, oats and maize lies at the foundation of human civilization around the world. These plants, in effect, domesticated us by causing us to largely reject a hunter-gatherer existence in favour of a more sedentary, agricultural based life, and allowed higher numbers of people to live within closer proximity to each other than they could before. We have chopped down forests and altered our surrounding ecology to an incredible degree to provide habitat for our favoured grasses at the expense of many other species that share the biosphere. These grasses included the species grown for food, as well as grass pastures which sustain our livestock. From these grassy habitats have emerged some powerful and important psychedelic fungi.

The liberty cap (Psilocybe semilanceata) is a species that is widespread in temperate parts of the world. It is one of the more common and most potent of psilocybin mushrooms known. The fungus is saprobic, the mycelium feeding on decaying grass roots. The grass habitat within which this species thrives has done very well due to human influence, and open grassland is a great deal more common than it otherwise would be. Furthermore, the species thrives in nitrogen rich pastureland fertilised with dung, although it is not directly associated with dung. Thus our manipulation of our ecology in this manner has vastly increased suitable habitat for this species, while at the same time increasing the likelihood of human encounters with it.

Psilocybe mexicana, an important species to the Aztecs and the Mazatec also appears to favour human made habitats, such as along trails and roads, and in meadows and cornfields, and in grassy areas bordering deciduous woodland. The species Psilocybe cubensis has spread so widely around the world in tropical and subtropical regions that it isn’t entirely clear where its original native range is. Due to its coprophilic or dung loving nature it has done very well following our domestication of a number of bovine species, and is widespread in subtropical and tropical pastures all over the world. The coprophilic and highly potent Panaeolus mushroom genus has also benefitted through our actions.

LSD is a semi synthetic derivative of alkaloids from the fungus ergot (Claviceps purpurea). Like P. semilanceata, C. purpurea is another species that lives in close association with grasses and has done very well via our actions on the environment. The grasses in question are this time arable instead of pastoral, with the fungus being a parasite on the ears of cereals such as rye and related plants. Man has known of ergot for some time, and cases of ergot poisonings were common in the Middle Ages.

It is unlikely that the invention and discovery of the very powerful psychedelic compound LSD would have occurred were it not for our domestication of grasses and manipulation of our surrounding ecology.

Some grasses themselves are known to be potent psychedelics. Phalaris is a widespread group of grasses and some species such as P. aquatica, P. brachystachys and P. arundinacea have been found to contain high levels of tryptamine psychedelics such as DMT and 5-MeO-DMT. They have found use in ayahuasca analogue concoctions by intrepid psychonauts in recent times. Phalaris species such as P. aquatica and P. arundinacea have also been found to be highly invasive species in some parts of the world, thriving in disturbed areas, and members of this group have certainly benefitted through Man’s actions on the biosphere.

Visionary fungi have benefitted markedly through our association with trees. The fly agaric Amanita muscaria lives in symbiotic association with pine trees, and through our actions with forestry has spread to many parts of the world unintentionally, and should be considered a cosmopolitan species (Geml et al. 2006). The wood loving Psilocybes such as P. cyanescens and P. azurescens are among the most potent psilocybin-containing mushrooms and have also benefitted markedly through our actions manipulating our surrounding ecology. These species would have occupied highly specialised niches previously, but due to actions of forestry and the ability of their spores to travel far and wide, they have benefited vastly via spreading through wood chips.

https://farm4.staticflickr.com/3695/14096751300_f836d351a7_b.jpg

Thus, on a global scale, our species’ modification of our surrounding ecosystems can be seen as increasing both habitat and the likelihood of encounters with these psychedelic fungi. It is interesting that these species have the ability to greatly and reliably enhance ecological awareness and aesthetic appreciation in humans that consume them, and tend to proliferate in ecologically disturbed areas.

Furthermore, the cultivation of Psilocybes around the world and deliberate seeding of wood chips with psilocybe mycelium has only assisted in their spread. Mycologist Paul Stamets has referred to the wood loving Psilocybes as anthropophilic in nature, but this description applies to all the species discussed here to some degree. So what may have evolved as some kind of defensive compound inferring evolutionary advantages on the fungal species in question seems to have further evolutionary benefits once Man enters the picture.

Other visionary plants have benefitted from us in a global sense. Syrian rue, cannabis and tobacco are all ruderal plants, thriving on disturbed ground and areas associated with human activity. The species Acacia confusa, known as the rainbow tree, has one of the highest DMT concentrations yet reported in a plant; with the highest concentrations occurring in the root bark, like iboga. It has become invasive on Hawaii (Luken & Thieret 1996), supplanting the native Acacia, on an island with a long history of ecological disturbance that was ignited following the arrival of Man to the islands and continues to unfold.

Elsewhere in the tropics, the ayahuasca vine Banisteriopsis caapi has been reported as a feral species, and has spread its tendrils of influence far beyond its Amazonian home. Thus its alliance with Mankind may have assured its long term survival on the planet. Its increasing use by urban sects of the Santo Daime Church allow people a deep contact with Nature even while being largely cut off from it.

Psychedelic plants and fungi, for the most part, have done well having developed a relationship with humans, and it could be argued in some cases that there is a kind of symbiosis going on, especially if you look at it from the ecosystem level. In a more localised sense, association with these plants may have conferred and continue to confer a slight evolutionary advantage to indigenous people that use them.

https://farm6.staticflickr.com/5605/15436883029_8b302ea1fe_b.jpgThe alkaloids in ayahuasca, iboga and peyote have both been reported to have antibiotic effects, and both of the latter two plants are used in small doses by indigenous people in different parts of the world to reduce the effects of thirst, hunger and fatigue, and this may be of benefit while hunting. With this positive association come collateral effects for the plants; ayahuasca vines are planted near human habitation, iboga is widely planted at Bwiti temples. While Peyote has become more restricted in range due to over exploitation, this is no fault of the traditional and sustainable Huichol and Tarahumara Indian harvesting methods, which emphasise the importance of cutting the plant above the root stock, which allows it to regrow.

Man’s observations of animal species have also affected his interactions with psychoactive plants. Reindeer are well documented having a profound fondness for the fly agaric mushroom A. muscaria, and that they can be round up using this fungus, and will consume it until they take on a state resembling a trance (Wasson 1972).

Goats have a fondness for khat (Catha edulis), and coffee beans (Coffea arabica) and deer have been reported as having a fondness for consuming Cannabis and have had a long association with Peyote in Huichol Indian mythology. In a similar vein, the Bwiti credit the forest people of Gabon with the discovery of iboga, who in turn credit the discovery to their observations of warthog, porcupine and gorillas feeding on the roots of the plant (Barabe 1982). The forest people were happy to share their knowledge of iboga and its special properties with neighbouring tribes such as the Apindji and Mitsogho, as it was a seen as a way of reducing inter tribal warfare.

Animals are deeply embedded in the ancient folklore of the discovery of this and other psychedelic plants, and they are known to self medicate with plants; chimpanzee’s have been observed consuming plants to treat themselves with parasite infections; with the same plant Vernonia amygdalina, the bitter-leaf tree, being used by local indigenous people for the same purpose, and baboons have been observed eating small amounts of Datura inoxia and Datura stramonium.

The purpose of some active plant compounds seems clear. For example, tobacco plants have evolved nicotine as it acts in a powerful way on the nervous systems of insects that feed on it, acting as a potent insecticide. However a number of plants and fungi, and some animal species, can produce psychoactive compounds capable of exerting powerful effects on human consciousness. Precisely why these particular organisms have evolved these compounds is somewhat more mysterious.

Some of these compounds do appear to have antibiotic, as well as antifungal and antiviral effects and so may confer broad spectrum immune resistance. Indeed some of these plants are ingested for these effects alone, and ayahuasca has a long documented history of being used to remove gut parasites by indigenous Amazonian people. There is evidence that some plants produce more of these compounds when stressed but the presence of these alkaloids does not always prevent them from being consumed.

Mysteries remain regarding exactly why these plants and fungi have evolved production of these alkaloids and exactly what advantages their presence confers. Clearly they are of use to the species in question as evolution doesn’t tolerate wasting of energy and resources, and these agents certainly cost their respective species their precious life energy to produce. Ibogaine, the dominant alkaloid active in Tabernanthe iboga, is a highly complex molecule and a difficult and expensive compound to synthesise from scratch in a lab, and it appears much simpler to allow nature to do the job.

 https://farm6.staticflickr.com/5501/9819057466_ddf7bd1986_k.jpg
 
The plot thickens and the mystery deepens when looking at ayahuasca and the DMT containing plants. The ayahuasca vine (B. caapi) is a rich source of monoamine oxidase inhibitors, in the form of Beta-carboline compounds. Some of these closely resemble endogenous human compounds such as pinoline. At high doses B. caapi can induce psychedelic effects. However it is the synergy with the DMT containing plants chacruna (Psychotria viridis) and chaliponga (Diplopterys cabrerana) where an amazing feat of plant alchemy takes place. The MAOI’s present in the vine allow DMT that would otherwise be rapidly broken down by the enzymes they inhibit to pass into the blood stream and cross the blood brain barrier. Furthermore, one of the most ancient of human technologies, fire, is employed for cooking up the brews to release the active alkaloids from the plant material and prepare this as a tea for drinking.

The standard anthropological theory of how the indigenous people in Amazonia discovered the powerful synergistic visionary effects when combining the plants is that it was via trial and error of different species they encountered in their environment. This however is not a view shared by the people in question, claiming that their knowledge came directly from “the plant teachers” (Luna 1984) of the synergy of combining the two species of plant. Amazonia is one of the most biodiverse parts of the world, with many thousands of plant species, and many different tribes across Amazonia have made this discovery, suggesting that there may be something more than trial and error at work.

Ayahuasca itself has been seen as an agent that transcends this system of trial and error. According to Kaxinawá legend, it was an ayahuasca experience that bestowed upon them knowledge of the kambo medicine. A shaman was attempting to heal his tribe and he had exhausted other remedies from the forest that were available to him. So he took ayahuasca as a last resort to seek advice on how to help his people. The ayahuasca showed him a vision of the monkey tree frog (Phyllomedusa bicolor) and gave him advice on how to use its venom secretions to heal.

DMT is a simple molecule closely related to serotonin and derived from the amino acid tryptophan which is very widespread and abundant in the natural world and the compound has been detected in a number of species, including humans, and appears to be highly abundant and widespread in the botanical realm. Interestingly the precise role it plays in humans and other species remains unknown. It seems that the enzymes responsible for its synthesis are ancient and shared by many different species, so DMT can act as a common biochemical denominator that can transcend species across the biosphere. This emphasises on a tangible, biochemical level that we are all interconnected and interrelated. With the MAOI’s and DMT, plants have found a way to powerfully hack into the nervous systems of other species. DMT has recently been found to be present in the pineal glands of live rats (Strassman et al. 2013), and there may also be evidence for its in situ synthesis there.

The pineal gland is an extremely ancient evolutionary development in vertebrate brains, and is present in all but the most primitive vertebrates and a few evolutionary exceptions. The rodent and primate lineages only parted on the evolutionary tree of life around 70 million years ago, which in terms of evolutionary time on this planet, all of 3.7 billion years, isn’t that long. Rodents make excellent model animals due to the profound biochemical and physiological similarities in which their cells function compared to us. Thus DMT is very likely present in our and many other species’ pineal glands, although its physiological role remains shrouded in mystery.

The psychedelic plants, fungi and animals that are a part of the biosphere may have some extremely valuable lessons and insights relating to life on this planet, and our species would be foolish to disregard these agents. We are currently in the midst of the sixth global mass extinction, which is down purely to our actions on the biosphere, never before in Earth’s history has a single species wielded such terrible power over all over life. With the destruction of the natural world and the rainforest we are continuously losing species, some of which may have highly valuable properties, but will be lost forever.

Man would be wise to broaden its cognitive horizons and pursue any avenues that allow for a more tangible, all encompassing view of the natural world, and our part in it. Human exploration by way of these transformative agents may be highly valuable in instilling in us these values, and this will be of benefit to ourselves, all life, and our long term future on this planet.


Notes

https://farm4.staticflickr.com/3683/12401177414_b3c54471f6_k.jpg Barabe, P. The Religion of Iboga or the Bwiti of the Fangs. Medicina Tropical. 12. (1982): 251-257.

Geml, Jzsef; Laursen, Garry A.; ONeill, K.; Nusbaum, C. & Taylor, D. Lee. Beringian origins and cryptic speciation events in the fly agaric (Amanita muscaria). Molecular Ecology. 15. (2006): 225-239.

Luken, James O. & Thieret, John W. Amur honeysuckle, its fall from grace. Bioscience. 46. (1996): 18-24.

Luna, Luis E. “The concept of plants as teachers among four mestizo shamans of Iquitos, northeast Peru.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 11.(1984): 135-156.

Strassman, Rick; Barker, Stephen A. & Stone, Andrew C. DMT Found in the Pineal Gland of Live Rats. Biomedical Chromatography (forthcoming; 2013).

Wasson, Gordon R. Soma: Divine Mushroom of Immortality, p. 238. Harcourt, 1972.

Top Image by L’Orso Sul Monociclo, courtesy of Creative Commons licensing. 


From Reality Sandwich @ http://realitysandwich.com/221786/whos-tripping-who/


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