"All the World's a Stage We Pass Through" R. Ayana

## Saturday, 8 September 2012

### The Pyramid Pump: How the Great Pyramid functioned as a Water Pump

The Pyramid Pump
How the Great Pyramid functioned as a Water Pump

Below is a greatly simplified animated diagram and explanation of how the Great Pyramid pumped water.  The position of the upper diagonal has been reversed to better clarify how the pump works. However, the shape of the Pyramid will not permit such an arrangement of the various mechanical elements. There are a great many refinements and complexities that will not be address in this short and abbreviated explanation.

The lower diagram is an image map that will direct you to areas of interest.  From there you will find information of greater detail and depth of the function of each pump component.  There is also a very helpful FAQ Page that answers specific and general questions about this material.

Take a moment and watch the action of the pump.  It is very unique and deserves a little time to get a feeling for how each part relates to the rest of the pump. Below is an image that divides the pump into its components.

Although the Great Pyramid is a pump, it doesn't look or operate like any pump people are familiar with.  This pump is powered by FIRE.  This fire is located at the top of the Grand Gallery.  There is still a very distinct aerodynamically shaped soot patter indicating the location of this fire.  The combustion of fire creates a partial vacuum in the upper area of the airtight Grand Gallery.  The result of this partial vacuum is water is raised up the Grand Gallery.  The fire does not "go out" during each cycle.  When the oxygen in the upper part of the Grand Gallery is consumed, the fire smolders until the next cycle is started.

At the same time the air in the subterranean chamber has been greatly compressed by the water traveling down the descending passage.  The check valve in the top of the descending passage closes when the air in the subterranean chamber is compressed to the maximum.  Then the compressed air pushes water through the "Jet,"  and the lateral connection.  This action pushes water up, thereby pushing up underneath on the water in the Grand Gallery. This force pushing up on the water in the Grand Gallery is somewhat similar to the workings of a hydraulic ram pump but on a gigantic scale!

The above two forces move the water up the Grand Gallery!

After the water has risen in the Grand Gallery, the vacuum release valve, (located at the top of the Grand Gallery by the fire) is opened, releasing the partial vacuum created by the fire.  This allows fresh air to be introduced into the area above the water and causes the water to move down the Grand Gallery.  This repeated cycle of raising and lower this ponderous column of water is analogous to the movement of a piston back and forth in a cylinder!

The opening of the vacuum release valve at the top of the Grand Gallery starts the downward cycle.

When the vacuum valve is opened, the partial vacuum created by the fire is replaced by fresh air and the water starts to move back down the Grand Gallery.  The normally closed check valve in the antechamber is opened and the check valve just below the Grand Gallery is closed.  This moving ponderous column of water lowers and is directed into the "Queen's Chamber." This movement of water compresses the air in the upper part of the Queen's Chamber.  The compressed air stores energy that is use to push water up into the King's Chamber.  This action compresses air in the upper part of the King's Chamber and water is pushed out of the pump through the vents.  The antechamber valve shuts.

The highly compressed air in the upper part of the Queen's Chamber forces water up into the King's Chamber. The discharge tubes in the King's Chamber are located in the wall about 5 feet high.  Above that, air is compressed by the water coming from the Queen's Chamber.  This compressed air in this secondary chamber forces the water out the discharge tubes.

The use of highly compressed air is the force used to move water above the column of water in the Grand Gallery.

The animation shows the water exiting the pump in a pulsating manner.  In reality, the stored energy in the form of compressed air allows the water output from the pump to be constant. The Queen's compression chamber supplies the King's compression chamber; which discharges water, to the outside.  In the Pyramid pump, the lower diagonal holds 88 tons of water; while the upper diagonal has a capacity of 300 tons of water.  The pump itself when full, holds about 600 tons of water.  Modern hydraulic engineers, have a long way to go, to catch up with the Ancient Engineers.

Select the area you want for more detailed information.

Don't just say that it won't work!  The truth is that at one time it did.  Some of the information is technical but not incomprehensional.  Click on each area and see how it relates to the complete system. Check out the FAQ Page and if you have a question or comment let us know!

The Pharaoh's Pump Foundation is dedicated in both providing availability for the information in the book Pharaoh's Pump and WE ARE GOING TO BUILD A PUMP!  The FAQ page has information on this project.

The Secret of the Ages Reveled!

How the Great Pyramid was Built

Based on the information and discoveries of Edward Kunkel

At this point in the construction, the base had been leveled using water as a guide. Everything was ready for the first row of casing stones to be set in place.  How would YOU bring 16 ton stones from across the river  that are already on barges to the site of the Great Pyramid?

Evidence indicates that a series of locks from the Nile to the building site were created to move the stones up from the river to the building site.

These series of water locks brought the first level of casing stones up to the site.  The locks worked just as the water locks work in the Panama Canal.  The subterranean cuttings which are a colossal hydraulic ram supply the needed water for the locks.

Note about above image:  No, it is not to exact scale, it is just a simple computer image to get the ideas of this stage of construction clearer. No, the image is not a perfect representation of the exact placement of every element of this stage of construction but it should help give an idea as to the process of construction. If you are an artist and would like to make a series of illustrations to replace these primitive ones, let me know.

The main thing to see is that the sides of the Great Pyramid "bend inward."  Or to put it another way, the sides of the great pyramid have a crease from the apex down to the center of the base of each side.  The Great Pyramid of Giza has 8 sides!  This is a must because of the hydrostatic pressure of the water inside the pyramid.  Each side bends inward against the pressure of the water inside of the pyramid just as a dam like Hoover Dam bends towards the force of the water it holds back.  The drawing below also shows this feature of the Great Pyramid.

Below are some excerpts from the book Pharaoh's Pump.

The handling of such huge precision-cut masterpieces, demands absolute control of the handling medium. - This fact is a superlative, MUST. If a rectangular trench were cut inside the casing stone base, so as to form a moat, the base would then resemble, a tow-path alongside a canal.  A barge with brackets on the side to carry the block could be floated to location in the moat; then lowered into place by draining the moat.  Thus; a 16 ton block could be moved and set; as gently as mother lays a sleeping babe in a crib.

After the ditch was filled, the builders could move stone laden barges freely about in the pool, and go about their Pyramid building in a big way.
The completion of the first course of casing stones formed a rectangular enclosure, in  which water could be impounded, and the bottom of the moat became a foundation for the back-up blocks.

Herodotus said:  "… they raised the remaining stones to their places by means of machines formed of short wooden planks.  The first machine raised them from the ground to the top of the first step, on this there was another machine, which received the stone on its arrival, and conveyed it to the second step, whence a third machine advanced it still higher."

Another translator of Herodotus offers this translation.

"They made it first in the shape of stairs, and lifted up the stones that remained with engines made of short timbers.  From the ground they raised them to the first range of stairs; when the stone came up to this, it was set in another engine that stood on the first range, and drawn up from this to the second range; and thence by another engine to the third, for there were as many engines as there were ranges of stairs… or per-adventure there was only one engine . . ."

Here is a variation of the two translations.  In the first, the word, "machine" is used, while in the second, the word, "engine."  But the gist of the translations are identical.

In modern usage, the words, 'engine' and 'machine' are often used synonymously. - And it may be here, that in the translation of the ancient Greek, the meaning of these two words, are even more closely allied.
For example; The dictionary defines the word, catapult as "an ancient engine of war."

By a physicist's definition, a catapult is not an engine of war, but a machine of war.  An engine uses fuel directly to make it go.

More than 100 years ago, Ohio built an elaborate system of canals.  Even today, in the vicinity of Akron, century old water-locks are in operation.  Nowadays, pleasure craft pass through them.  The lock-gates are made of wooden planks about eight feet long, - These locks are truly machines, - They are water elevators. - A floating body can be raised or lowered in them. - They are made of stone, and SHORT WOODEN PLANKS. - I believe that the machines Herodotus described were a series of water-locks.

Elsewhere in the same volume, he tells of seeing an old dry-dock, which was used by King Necos to repair damaged war vessels. Here is the joker. How can anyone build a dry-dock and not use a water-lock? Nix, say I.

Comparatively recent excavations have exposed the cutting of a giant rock-hewn stairway with huge risers, ascending from the basin to the top of the knoll. This cutting has the basic characteristics of the remains of a series of water-locks, although every vestige that would indicate water-locks, is gone.

As they are today, these stairs are too wide to be of practical use as water-locks, but if a wall were built in the center of the steps, thus dividing the stairway in two, the result would be two narrower sets of stairs.

If appropriate masonry were placed in this divided stairway together with pairs of water-gates made of wooden planks, and water pumped into the locks; they would be in business ready to take stone laden barges up one set of locks, while the empties came down through the other. - I believe that this stairway is part of the 60 foot roadway described by Herodotus.

I do not know the exact dimensions of this gigantic stairway hewn in the living rock.  I know nothing of the size of the treads, nor the height of the risers.

I saw a picture of this stairway.  It was taken from a plane. As I recall, there were four treads and three risers.

A friend of mine, John Woodward, who toured Egypt five years ago, said; that, "the accepted explanation for this cutting was to extract blocks for structural use in the pyramids."

Must I add that I never believed this explanation for a moment, because the cutting is too precise, too neat, and too regular.

If the ancients were quarrying blocks alone, the sides, the treads, and the risers would have been left rough, and uneven. - then too, nearby there is to this day, piles of broken rock which could have come from the cutting of this stairway. - Besides, a lock system is necessary to raise loaded barges from the plane to the base of the Pyramid.

These step-like cuttings have been filled in to make an asphalt roadway.  The roadway is approximately 60 feet wide. - We stepped it off.  An accurate measurement was impossible due to heavy traffic.  I believe it is part of the 60 foot roadway referred to by Herodotus.  It enters the basin from the northwest corner.  The catch basin has been filled in to make a parking lot.

The catch basin as Herodotus observed is about 100 feet above the flood plain.  It is rectangular.  Its walls are very steep, made of stone laid up dry, and vine covered. - The walls are not parabolous as shown in Perring's map, dated 1839. Perhaps these stone walls are modern, a sort of a tidying up job.

and http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/ram%20pump

Donate any amount and receive at least one New Illuminati eBook!
Just press the button -

For further enlightening information enter a word or phrase into the search box @  New Illuminati or click on any label/tag at the bottom of the page @

And see

New Illuminati –

The Her(m)etic Hermit - http://hermetic.blog.com

The Prince of Centraxis - (Be Aware! This link leads to implicate & xplicit concepts & images!)

Live long and prosper!

From the New Illuminati – http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com

1. There is a good video series of how the Great Pyramid was built using water and water locks at: www.thepump.org

2. Impressive blog to understand the mystery of pyramids.The best thing out of this blog is the Pharaoh's pump which has great scientific concept.

3. Fires do not create a partial vacuum: burning carbon takes C + O2 to CO2, which at the same temperature has the same pressure (there are the same number of gas molecules), hydrogen results in a slight increase in pressure (2H2 + O2 -> 2H2O) but at room temperature this is entirely controlled by the vapor pressure of water, which is constant at room temperature. There might be a tiny effect from metal oxides but I doubt it's useful. Also, the lifting power of a vacuum is limited to 10m*20% = 2m or so due to the inert nitrogen, much less that the height of the 'piston chamber'. A more plausible version would have the water acting as a diesel engine. As the air is compressed in the chamber it gets hot and fuels burn more readily. This would mean that the fire would burn, raising the temperature in the cylinder increasing the gas pressure, forcing the water back out. So as a heat engine it has slight plausibility.

1. You may find these of more interest: http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com.au/search/label/great%20pyramid?updated-max=2012-05-10T00:01:00%2B10:00&max-results=20&start=2&by-date=false

2. I don’t know why you are talking about burning carbon. I wrote two books on this subject the titles are below.

Lost Technologies of the Great Pyramid Amazon.com/dp/1449916155/
The Great Pyramid Prosperity Machine Amazon.com/dp/1460976118/

Neither of my books talk about burning carbon. I do not contend that carbon was burned.