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Friday, 13 July 2012

Electricity generated from water: BlackLight Power announces validation

Electricity generated from water: BlackLight Power announces validation

http://spacecollective.org/userdata/3bGz1MiW/1230829464/Polywell.jpg

 
Leading academic and industry experts have validated BlackLight's new process that directly produces electric energy from the conversion of water vapor to a new, more stable form of Hydrogen. Experts agree that BlackLight's 'Hydrino theory' represents a fundamental breakthrough in clean energy technology.

Adapted by Sterling D. Allan from a press release
Pure Energy Systems News


BlackLight Power, Inc. (BLP) has announced a major breakthrough in clean energy technology, which experts agree holds tremendous promise for a wide range of commercial applications.  The announcement comes on the heels of BlackLight's recent completion of a $5 million round of financing to support commercial development of its new process for producing affordable, reliable energy from water vapor.

In six separate, independent studies, leading scientists from academia and industry, with PhDs from prestigious universities including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the California Institute of Technology, confirm that BlackLight has achieved a technological breakthrough with its CIHT (Catalyst-Induced-Hydrino-Transition) clean energy generating process and cell. 

The orocess is fueled by water vapor that is a gaseous component of air and present wherever there is any source of water.  The CIHT cell harnesses this energy as electrical power output and is suitable for essentially all power applications including transportation applications and electrical power production completely autonomous of fuels and grid infrastructure at a small fraction of the current capital costs.

Their newly revised website blacklightpower.com states that they expect the scaled-up price for energy generation to be 0.1 c/kW-h, which is at least 40x cheaper than grid power in some of the cheapest energy regions of the world. (Link)

"BlackLight's continuously operating, power-producing system converts ubiquitous H2O (water) vapor directly into electricity, oxygen, and a new, more stable form of Hydrogen called Hydrino, which releases 200 times more energy than directly burning hydrogen," said Dr. Randell Mills, Chairman, CEO and President of BlackLight Power, Inc., and inventor of the process.  Hydrogen is not naturally available and has to be produced using energy.  But, H2O vapor is ubiquitous and free, obtainable even from ambient air.  Dr. Mills says that BlackLight has achieved critical milestones in scaling its new technology with typical electrical gain of more than ten times that which initiates the process, operating over long duration at the 10 Watt (W) scale.  

http://pesn.com/2008/10/20/9501494_Blacklight_replicated_by_Rowan_University/BlackLightPowerRowan300x300_byKevn.jpg 

A 100 W unit is planned for completion by the end of 2012, and a 1.5 kilowatt (kW) pilot unit that can serve the residential power market, as an initial target commercial application, is expected to be operational by 2013.  The average usage in a US home is 1.5 kW, while peak usage is closer to 15 or 20 kW; so a person would either purchase enough units to handle peak load, or install a battery bank and inverter system, which is by far the most expensive part of a solar power system. Alternatively, if the unit is used with net metering, the excess could be returned to the grid, and requirements for more could be pulled from the grid; though that scenario wouldn't be making life easier for the grid provider, who has to build its system to meet peak load. If the BLP system is so cheap, it seems to me that just purchasing enough of them to handle peak, and being independent from the grid would be the way to go.

BlackLight has raised a total of $75 M for the development and commercialization of its breakthrough energy technology, and has license agreements with companies to use its patented commercial processes and systems in heating and electric power generation.  

The new BlackLight Process validation reports, including full documentation and results of theory evaluation, replication and testing of the CIHT systems, and Hydrino characterization, are publicly available on their site.  The website also includes links to validator resumes and to technical and business support materials, including recent presentations that further explain the BlackLight Process and a technical paper providing the detailed chemistry and identification of Hydrinos by analytical methods, which laboratories can follow and replicate.


Quotes from Academic and Industry Experts

  • W. Henry Weinberg, who was a professor of Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Applied Physics at California Institute of Technology for eighteen years, a professor of Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Materials Science at University of California, Santa Barbara for six years, and co-founder and CTO of Symyx Technologies for 13 years.  "It would be irrational not to be very skeptical, and I was extremely skeptical. 

However, after having reviewed Dr. Mills classical theory, participated in experimental designs and execution, and having reviewed vast amounts of other data BLP produced, I have found nothing that warrants rejection of their extraordinary claims, and I encourage aggressive optimization and fast track development of a scaled up prototype," said Dr. Weinberg.  "To be able to use hydrogen from water as a cheap and nonpolluting source of power would represent one of the most important technological breakthroughs in history."

  • Dr. K.V. Ramanujachary, Rowan University Meritorious Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry. "BlackLight's CIHT electrochemical cell harnesses this fundamentally new primary energy source as electrical output by using a catalyst to cause hydrogen atoms of water molecules to transition to a lower-energy, Hydrino state, resulting in a release of energy that is intermediate between chemical and nuclear energies, and a nonpolluting product," said Dr. Ramanujachary, who conducted one of the validation studies.  "The CIHT cells constantly output stable, very high-gain electrical power for more than a month, with H2O as the only source of fuel for the process.  The trace H2O vapor was supplied by a water source, or alternatively, it was extracted directly from the air, resulting in generation of electricity from water alone.  This process and system that I have confirmed is truly exceptional."

  • Dr. Terry Copeland, former manager of product development for several electrochemical and energy companies including DuPont Company and Duracell.  "BLP has successfully fabricated and tested CIHT cells capable of producing net electrical output up to 50 times that input to maintain the process," said Dr. Copeland.  "Some cells have produced steady power for over one month.  The power generation is consistent with Dr. Mills' theory of energy release resulting from Hydrino formation.  No other source of energy could be identified.  The CIHT cell will use cheap, abundant, nontoxic, commodity chemicals, with no apparent long-term supply issues that might preclude commercial, high volume manufacturing.  The capital cost of the CIHT cell based on optimization of the cell dimensions is estimated to be under $100/kW compared to at least ten times that for fuel cells that further require a source of hydrogen or hydrogen gas and a fuel infrastructure."

  • Dr. James Pugh, Director of Technology at The ENSER Corporation. "Representatives from the ENSER Corporation witnessed the assembly and operation of multiple CIHT cells, and the results showed excess electrical energy, up to 100 times that used to maintain the process in cells run as long as sixty days," said Dr. Pugh.   "There is no apparent difficulty in assembling single cell and multi-cell units, in a production scale environment.  By carefully designing and optimizing the CIHT cell, a one-liter volume could generate 3.3 kW.  This is greater than that necessary for motive as well as stationary electrical power applications."

  • Recently, the prestigious European Physical Journal D selected as a highlighted article, the Company's results of the predicted characteristic high-energy light emission from hydrogen forming Hydrinos using a high-voltage pinched pulsed plasma source that further reported the replication of this signature by CfA spectroscopists at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) under a study contracted by GEN3 Partners.  The Physical Journal D article and other supporting articles also are available on BlackLight's website.


http://peswiki.com/images/2/2e/Blacklight_power_solidfuel_reactor_cell_500.jpg


About BlackLight Power


BlackLight Power, Inc. was incorporated in 1991 and is based in the Princeton area of New Jersey.  It has received 62 patents including four in the U.S., and has more than 100 pending patent applications for its innovative processes, process applications, and products.  The BlackLight Process uses a novel catalytic process to generate energy from water vapor, releasing the latent energy of the hydrogen atom by forming a more stable form of hydrogen called Hydrinos.  The Process is applicable to essentially all power applications, including thermal, electrical, automotive, trucking, marine, rail, aviation, and aerospace.

For more information about the Company, please visit http://www.blacklightpower.com/.


Glossary:

BlackLight Process: A novel chemical process invented by Dr. Mills that causes the latent energy stored in the hydrogen atom to be released as a new primary energy source. 

Hydrino: A new form of hydrogen, which was theoretically predicted by Dr. Mills and produced and characterized by BLP.  Hydrinos are produced as energy is released from the hydrogen atom as the electron transitions to a lower-energy state, resulting in a smaller radius hydrogen atom.  (Note: The identity of the dark matter of the universe as Hydrinos is supported by BlackLight's spectroscopic and analytical results as well as astrophysical observations.)

CIHT Cell: Comprised of a positive electrode, the cathode, a negative electrode, the anode, and an ion-conducting electrolyte that also serves as a source of reactants to form Hydrinos.  A Hydrino-producing reaction mixture creates electricity from H2O as the reactants are constituted with the migration of the electrons through an external circuit and ion mass transport, through a separate internal path through the electrolyte to complete an electrical circuit.  The CIHT cell was invented by Dr. Mills to release energy from forming Hydrinos directly as electricity.  It uses water vapor as its sole fuel source.

Spectral Emissions: Spectral emission of an atom such as hydrogen is its unique signature that serves as a fingerprint of its characteristics.  Each line of the spectrum is characteristic of and identifies the energy levels of the atom.  The Hydrino signature is unique in that it comprises a continuum of wavelengths, as opposed to discrete lines, and the energy is in the soft X-ray region.  This indicates that hydrogen has more stable states than previously thought possible or accounted for by the historical theory of quantum mechanics.


From http://www.examiner.com/article/electricity-generated-from-water-blacklight-power-announces-validation


http://peswiki.com/images/e/e1/Blacklight_plant_process_diagram_550.jpg

 

BlackLight Power Vs. Rossi's Cold Fusion - Related Technologies?

 

 

Two new revolutionary technologies are being developed that could change our planet. Are they related to each other fundamentally or do they utilize different phenomena?






Today we are facing an energy crisis that threatens the future of our species. Cheap energy from fossil fuels has allowed civilization to grow and expand. In the past hundred years the human population has went from millions to billions. As access to cheap fossil fuels becomes more difficult, all of this progress is threatened. Currently, there are at least two companies that claim to have technologies that could provide a solution to the energy crisis. One of these companies is Randall Mills' BlackLight Power (BLP) and the other is Andrea Rossi's Leonardo Corp.




BLP and Cold Fusion in a Nutshell


BlackLight Power claims to have a technology
based on producing shrunken hydrogen atoms called "hydrinos." Basically, their claim is that when atomic hydrogen comes into contact with one of several catalysts (there are at least a dozen) the orbit of the electron around the hydrogen nucleus is reduced below the "ground state" and energy is released. The energy is claimed to be in the form of extreme ultra violet light, X-Ray radiation, and "third body radiation." This energy is claimed to be hundreds of times as much energy as would be obtained by burning the hydrogen chemically. In fact, it is claimed to be an energy between that of chemical and nuclear.


http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-e16bqHghxyk/TqiRpkpab0I/AAAAAAAAAno/JgfmQjG1zcE/s400/rossi-ecat-1mw-plant.jpgAndrea Rossi claims he has produced a cold fusion technology that utilizes nano-nickel powder (with special preparations and processes), hydrogen gas, and special undisclosed catalysts. The reaction between these components produce a nuclear reaction which results in a release of energy in the form of radiation. This radiation heats the material of the cell which warms water. The reaction is controlled by manipulating the pressure inside the cell and the temperature of the cell. If this is a true nuclear reaction then millions of times the energy of chemically burning the hydrogen could be produced.




BLP's Similarities to Cold Fusion


These two technologies seem to have some similarities.
They both use atomic hydrogen as a fuel. Also, they both use special catalysts. However, the main difference is that BlackLight Power does not claim to use nickel as a fuel to fuse with hydrogen. BlackLight Power denies any sort of nuclear reaction is taking place and claims the only source of energy production in their cells is the production of hydrinos. In fact, it seems BlackLight Power has made a special effort to distance themselves from claims of cold fusion. This is despite the fact that some of their early experiments seem similar to cold fusion experiments that have been performed.

The following is a document that details one of the tests Thermacore did to confirm BlackLight Power's claims. Notice how the use of potassium, hydrogen, and nickel is similar to other cold fusion experiments. http://www.alpha3.com/hydrino/Labs/Anomalous-Heat-from-Atomic-Hydrogen.pdf

Here is another document that details an early experiment. The cell has a platinum anode and nickel cathode in a solution of water and potassium carbonate. BlackLight Power claims this setup also produces hydrinos.



Radiation


One more issue that needs to be addressed
is the similar types of radiation being produced by BlackLight Power's (Randall Mills) and Leonardo Corp's (Andrea Rossi) devices. It would be interesting to determine if any gamma or neutron radiation is ever emitted from BLP's device which might be a sign of nuclear transmutation. It would also be interesting to find out if Leonardo Corp's device emits any EUV or X-Ray radiation which could possibly indicate hydrinos are being formed. Rossi claims that testing for X-Rays has taken place, but he has not yet received the results. (Ref.) The lead shielding around the device indicates X-ray protection.



Conclusion


Are these two technologies related?

On one hand we have BLP, that uses openly discussed catalysts and hydrogen along with sometimes nickel components to produce "hydrinos" and energy.

On the other hand we have a cold fusion technology that utilizes nickel, hydrogen, and undisclosed catalysts to produce transmuted elements and energy.

They seem very similar in some ways. However, what we need is more information. Unfortunately, I doubt BLP will reveal any time soon any testing they have performed that might indicate fusion reactions, gamma rays, or transmutations. Also, we do not know when Rossi might reveal the catalysts he is using and the results of the testing for X-Rays.

If these two technologies are related it means that if either one of them ever hits the mainstream we might have both cold fusion and a hydrino technology on the market!

 

Catalysts


There has been some speculation on the internet
about the possibility that Rossi's device and other cold fusion devices are also producing hydrinos. This could be since the BlackLight Power effect seems to produce hydrinos utilizing so many different catalysts. On page 104 and 105 of the following document there is a list of the catalysts BlackLight Power has publicly disclosed.  http://www.blacklightpower.com/presentations/TechnicalPresentation051110.pdf

Could Rossi be using one of these catalysts? We do not know, because for proprietary reasons he does not disclose the catalysts he is using. However, if he is using one of them, how could the production of hydrinos allow his device to produce fusion? One hypothesis is that somehow the shrunken hydrogen atom is able to more easily break the coulomb barrier and allow it's nucleus to interact with the nickel nucleus.

A paper was published on Rossi's blog (The Journal of Nuclear Physics) that explores the possibility of hydrino like atoms being formed and allowing nuclear fusion to take place. Even though Rossi denies his technology has anything to do with BlackLight Power's the fact this was published makes me wonder if he is accepting the possibility of a new form of hydrogen being created in his device. (Ref.)

However, please note that the atom proposed in the above document has some fundamental differences from a hydrino. They are clarified by the author of the paper here.



Byproducts and Transmutations

There is another interesting difference between BlackLight Power's technology and Rossi's Cold Fusion technology. Rossi claims that his device produces transmutation of elements due to nuclear reactions. One of these is copper and another is zinc. BLP claims that hydrinos can interact with other elements to form, "hydrino hydride compounds." These compounds are claimed to have special properties which allow for many applications. (Ref.)

"The novel compositions of matter and associated technologies could have far-reaching applications in many industries including the chemical, lighting, computer, energetic materials, battery, propellant, surface coatings, electronics, telecommunications, aerospace, and automotive industries."

If BLP can indeed produce new compounds, that would confirm the hydrino hypothesis. If Rossi can produce transmutations of elements, that confirms cold fusion. However, I wonder if Rossi has found any "hydrino hydrides" in his cells and if BLP has found any transmuted elements? 

 


Radiation


One more issue that needs to be addressed
is the similar types of radiation being produced by BlackLight Power's (Randall Mills) and Leonardo Corp's (Andrea Rossi) devices. It would be interesting to determine if any gamma or neutron radiation is ever emitted from BLP's device which might be a sign of nuclear transmutation. It would also be interesting to find out if Leonardo Corp's device emits any EUV or X-Ray radiation which could possibly indicate hydrinos are being formed. Rossi claims that testing for X-Rays has taken place, but he has not yet received the results. (Ref.) The lead shielding around the device indicates X-ray protection.



Conclusion


Are these two technologies related?

On one hand we have BLP, that uses openly discussed catalysts and hydrogen along with sometimes nickel components to produce "hydrinos" and energy.

On the other hand we have a cold fusion technology that utilizes nickel, hydrogen, and undisclosed catalysts to produce transmuted elements and energy.

They seem very similar in some ways. However, what we need is more information. Unfortunately, I doubt BLP will reveal any time soon any testing they have performed that might indicate fusion reactions, gamma rays, or transmutations. Also, we do not know when Rossi might reveal the catalysts he is using and the results of the testing for X-Rays.

If these two technologies are related it means that if either one of them ever hits the mainstream we might have both cold fusion and a hydrino technology on the market!

 

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From Pure Energy Systems News  @ http://pesn.com/2011/02/08/9501758_Black_Light_Power_and_Rossis_Cold_Fusion_related/

For more information about overunity/free energy devices and theories see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/free%20energy
For more information about Cold Fusion/LENR devices and theories see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/cold%20fusion



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1 comment:

  1. I agree that water can be used to generate free and abundant energy, but water can also be regulated and priced and this is the problem for people who seek to move beyond the number one corrupting factor in human relations ( THE PRICE SYSTEM). Look at some of the Nikola Tesla's
    Technologies that harnessed free universal, wireless energy that is abundant beyond our willingness to regulate and or price.

    ReplyDelete

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