"All the world's a stage we pass through." - R. Ayana

Sunday, 28 September 2014

Revealing the First Nukes: NAZI Superweapons

Revealing the First Nukes: 
NAZI Superweapons
Evidence for NAZI nuclear weapons finally emerges 

© Simon Gunson

Nazi Atomic Bomb projects

After World War 2 it came to light from personal memoirs and collections of papers, which were not seized by the Allies, that Nazi scientists Dr Erich Schumann and Dr Walter Trinks filed up to 40 workable patent applications in wartime Germany from 1941-1944 for what we nowadays term tactical-nuclear weapons.  

Further light was given in post war articles by, or interviews with Dr Kurt Diebner and Dr Walter Trinks. Their wartime designs were amazingly credible. They were far more sophisticated than the Allied bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki requiring only sub-critical quantities of fissile material. Their designs were also adopted post war by the Americans in the so called Swan Device of 1956.

Further light was given in post war articles by, or interviews with Dr Kurt Diebner and Dr Walter Trinks. Their wartime designs were amazingly credible. They were far more sophisticated than the Allied bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki requiring only sub-critical quantities of fissile material. Their miniature nuclear weapon designs were inspiration for the American Swan Device of 1956. Diebner was hired by Operation Paperclip and went to USA to guide the US nuclear program, working closely with Dr Freidwart Winterberg. Trinks went to France after WW2 helping to develop their nuclear weapons program.

Corroboration by Stockholm Signal

Corroboration emerges from various directions. For example the so called Stockholm signal, an enciphered diplomatic signal from Japan's embassy in Stockholm back to Tokyo sent in five parts in December 1944. It reported Germany's Uranium atom splitting weapon with an explosive of tremendous force. The ULTRA decrypt of this signal gathered dust in US military archives until 1978 when it was declassified. There is currently no explanation reconciling the contents of that signal with the conventional view that Germany never had nuclear weapons. [1]
Part 1

This bomb is revolutionary in its results, and will completely upset all ordinary precepts of warfare hitherto established. I am sending you, in one group, all those reports on what is called the atom-splitting bomb. It is a fact that in June of 1943, the German Army tried out an utterly new type of weapon against the Russians at a location 150 kilometers southeast of Kursk. Although it was the entire 19th Infantry Regiment of the Russians which was thus attacked, only a few bombs (each round up to 5 kilograms) sufficed to utterly wipe them out to the last man.

Part 2

The following is according to a statement by Lieutenant-Colonel UE [ISHIWARA] KENJI, advisor to the attaché in Hungary and formerly in this country, who by chance saw the actual scene immediately after the above took place:

"All the men and the horses the explosion of the shells were    charred black and even their ammunition had all been detonated."

Moreover, it is a fact that the same type of war material was tried out in the Crimea, too. At that time the Russians claimed that this was poison-gas, and protested that if Germany were ever again to use it, Russia, too, would use poison-gas.

Part 3

There is also the fact that recently in London - in the period between October and the 15th of November - the loss of life and the damage to business buildings through fires of unknown origin was great. It is clear, judging especially by the articles about a new weapon of this type, which have appeared from time to time recently in British and American magazines - that even our enemy has already begun to study this type. To generalize on the basis of all these reports: I am convinced that the most important technical advance in the present great war is in the realization of the atom-splitting bomb. Therefore, the central authorities are planning, through research on this type of weapon, to speed up the matter of rendering the weapon practical. And for my part, I am convinced of the necessity for taking urgent steps to effect this end.

Part 4

The following are the facts I have learned regarding its technical data:

Recently the British authorities warned their people of the possibility that they might undergo attacks by German atom-splitting bombs. The American military authorities have likewise warned that the American east coast might be the area chosen for a blind attack by some sort of flying bomb. It was called the German V-3. To be specific, this device is based on the principle of the explosion of the nuclei of the atoms in heavy hydrogen derived from heavy water. (Germany has a large plant in the vicinity of Rjukan, Norway, which has from time to time been bombed by English planes.). Naturally, there have been plenty of examples even before this of successful attempts at smashing individual atoms. However, as far as the demonstration of any practical results is concerned, they seem not to have been able to split large numbers of atoms in a single group. That is, they require for the splitting of each single atom a force that will disintegrate the electron orbit.

Part 5.

as far as the demonstration of any practical results is concerned, they seem not to have been able to split large numbers of atoms in a single group. That is, they require for the splitting of each single atom a force that will disintegrate the electron orbit. On the other hand, the stuff that the Germans are using has, apparently, a very much greater specific gravity than anything heretofore used. In this connection, allusions have been made to SIRIUS and stars of the "White Dwarf" group. (Their specific gravity is 1 thousand, and the weight of one cubic inch is 1 ton.) In general, atoms cannot be compressed into the nuclear density. However, the terrific pressures and extremes of temperature in the "White Dwarfs" cause the bursting of the atoms; and

Part 6

There are, moreover, radiations from the exterior of these stars composed of what is left of the atoms which are only the nuclei, very small in volume. According to the English newspaper accounts, the German atom- splitting device is the NEUMAN disintegrator. Enormous energy is directed into the central part of the atom and this generates at atomic pressure of several tons of thousands of tons (sic) per square inch. This device can split the relatively unstable atoms of such elements as uranium. Moreover, it brings into being a store of explosive atomic energy. A-GENSHI HAKAI DAN. That is, a bomb deriving its force from the release of atomic energy.

General Claims:

Until 2005 few people seriously questioned the accepted historical account that Nazi Germany failed to produce an Atomic Bomb, but with the publishing of Hitler's Bombe, (2005), by author Rainer Karlsh, this accepted account of history is now widely challenged.

Karlsh astonished the world when he revealed evidence from various witnesses of a nuclear test on the Baltic Island of Rugen in October 1944, including press correspondent Luigi Romersa who only passed away in 2007.

Karlsch claimed these tests in October 1944 were followed by two more nuclear tests at Ohrdruf Concentration Camp in March 1945. He produced Kremlin archives to prove that Soviet intelligence reported the Ohrdruf tests to Stalin.   Karlsh also produced the account of then still living witness Claere Werner custodian in 1945 of Wachtel Castle near Arnstadt, whose interview is available on Youtube.[2]

A 1943 OSS report found in the Woods Memorandum to US secretary of State Cordell Hull also refers to a series of nuclear tests in the Schwabian Alps near Bisingen in July 1943. These tests are corroborated by seismic records. 

Nature of the Nazi Weapon

The weapons allegedly weighed 4-5 kilograms and used the principle of crushing Lithium into Deuterium at huge pressures & temperatures to generate fast neutron X-rays, known as a plasma pinch. Ironically this method was also known to the Manhattan Project in 1942 when the exiled scientist Enrico Fermi tried to persuade the Americans to develop this concept. The Manhattan Committee rejected a miniaturised nuclear warhead with plasma pinch technology as too technologically challenging.

These plasma pinch X-rays caused a fusion reaction between molten Lithium from the hollow charge liners and Deuteride coating the fissile target. The neutron flux was high enough that it created uniform criticality throughout the whole fissile mass, thus ignited fission in small, sub critical quantities of bomb grade Uranium. The fissile target is understood to have been a mere 150 grams of Uranium 233. This method avoided the need for a massive Uranium 235 enrichment project. The quantity of fissile material required were much more modest than the enriched material required for Allied nuclear weapons and in turn demanded a project much smaller than Oak Ridge for harvesting fissile material.

$64,000 Question...

Why if the Nazis had nuclear weapons, did they still lose the war? 

The most logical explanation appears to be Churchill's threat to drop Anthrax
laced cattle cakes over Germany in August 1944. Germany had no antibiotics and would have faced starvation within 2 weeks had Anthrax been used. Even earlier than this however USA at the beginning of July 1944 threatened Hitler through the German Legation in Lisbon that unless he sued for peace within 6 weeks Dresden would face attack with a nuclear bomb. In the light of continuing efforts by the United States to keep references to these  matters classified, or suppressed, Nazi acquisition of nuclear weapons cannot simply be dismissed out of hand.

Frustrated nuclear attack on New York?

There does however appear to have been at least one attempt to attack the USA
with nuclear weapons when a lone six engined Junkers aircraft was downed in shallow coastal waters south of Owl's Head, Maine about 17-18 September 1944. The bodies of three German aviators were recovered nearby on 28 September 1944 and were taken to the Rockport Coast Guard Station. It appears they were buried nearby with a small stone cairn erected over their grave. Locals were warned by FBI and Secret service never to repeat their sighting to anyone, thus this pivotal attack on USA has gone unnoticed in all of 65 years. Could it be that the failure of Hitler's Last Trump arose not from a failure to build a nuclear weapon, but from the inability to deliver the weapon over its prime target, New York?

This is a chart of New York prepared for Goering in 1943 describing the effects of a nuclear air burst over the city. Bombing New York was a major obsession for Hitler. English text has been added over the chart by a more modern author:

Another justification for nuclear secrecy was raised in the so called Monsanto Report to A.H. Compton, where the authors comment on the ethicacy of releasing "useful information" in their report and Nazi records.[3]

Authors note that, "...anyone knowing what is in the German reports can establish a chain reaction provided he has sufficient material."

If that statement is correct then anyone with a truly enquiring mind should be curious to know why the Nazis did not succeed in the race for the Bomb, nor indeed why they lost World War Two.

My Personal Commentary

In the Postwar era the free press and more lately the internet has helped us to understand
that governments do lie to us and that history books can't be relied upon. Is there some other explanation how World War Two came to an end?

Those not interested need read no further, and relief is just a click away because the internet is full of conventional accounts of history to occupy their time. Perusal of my website is entirely optional.

As this website takes shape, I intend to add successive webpages to enlighten readers to the latest and in many case most controversial information coming to light about the the real Nazi Atomic weapons project.

[1] Japanese Diplomatic signal intercept 12 December 1944 (Magic decrypt) Trans 14 Dec 44 (3020-B),
     "Stockholm to Tokyo, No. 232.9 December 1944 (War Department), National Archives, RG 457,    
     SRA 14628-32, declassified October 1, 1978 (SRA = Japanese Attache)

[2] Rainer Karlsch - Hitlers Bomb, (March 2005)

[3] Monsanto Report, 8th November 1945, authors A.W. Weinberg & L.W. Nordheim (NA, RG 371 -
     page 2-3) 

How the Nazi A-bomb worked

Nazi Development program in WW2

After WW2 several German nuclear scientists who had been engaged in Nazi Germany's Atomic weapons projects
attempted to patent their design for a nuclear weapon with a sub critical warhead. Wartime Nazi patents which by prior agreements should have been equally distributed between all Allied powers were instead confiscated by the United States and spirited out of Germany in great secrecy. The United States used this booty to create a technological prowess and prosperous economy for itself for the next six decades. 

The unlawfulness of the taking such patents is one of the key reasons why much about the Nazi A-bomb remains secret to this day.

Post war attempts to obtain a grant of Patent for improved devices were frustrated in Germany, but articles and books describing these inventions were published in France by key German scientists like Diebner using the pseudonym H.J. Hajeck. Publishing these inventions co-coincided with efforts by former Nazis to sell arms and nuclear technologies to Egypt and Syria in the 1950s. 

The approach taken by nuclear physicist Dr Erich Schumann and ballistics expert Dr Walter Trinks relied upon Germany's mastery over chemical explosive hollow charge warheads, invented during 1935 by Franz Rudolf Thomanek. It is worth mentioning that during the development of hollow charge explosives a high speed camera was invented to record explosions which took photos at 45,000 frames per second. Rear Admiral Dr Otto Haxel in his experiments with superheating Lithium at a laboratory the village of Greifswald obtained temperatures of 20,000 degrees Centigrade using hollow charge explosives. 

Principle of the Weapon

An important key to influencing Lithium to generate Neutrons in what is called a plasma pinch
is to superheat Lithium above 800 degrees Centigrade under massive pressures circa 100,000 atmospheres. 

Another important factor is the creation of a vacuum cavity which assists the propagation of a plasma to form X-rays. The Schumann / Trinks A-bomb exhibited both features. 

Schumann & Trinks proposed to set up two conical hollow charges facing one another to implode a mixture of ingredients towards each other as two molten slugs. These slugs of Lithium-6 collided with each other at speeds up to 10 kilometres per second. With such pressures and temperatures, Lithium-6 in the presence of Deterium sheds neutrons in a massive rush, which artificially recreates the same critical mass effect obtained in a conventional nuclear warhead.

Shaped Hollow Charges

Today shaped Hollow charges are often used for rocket propelled anti tank grenades
carried by infantry men. These are light weight weapons lacking in the kinetic energy available from a long barreled tank gun. Even before WW2 it was self evident that infantry required some other way to overcome tanks

In Germany Dr Franz Rudolf Thomanek working with Dr Eric Schumann developed the hollow charge weapon to take out fortifications like the Belgian fortress of Eben Emael, where several large cupped explosive charges hung over thick steel doors by glider born troops blew entrances into the fortress. Smaller versions were developed for the Panzerfaust weapon whilst in England a Swiss scientist assisted the Allies to develop counterpart weapons.

In essence a thin cone of metal, called a liner, was formed into a cup. The open cupped end would face the target. On the rear side of such a cup explosive was packed usually contained behind the liner by a cylinder or some other form of container. The explosive would be detonated from above and behind the apex of the cone.

The purpose of such a cone would be to focus a molten slug of metal at very high speeds onto the targeted surface. In effect the cone would deform and invert itself forming a superheated molten arrow. 

For work in destroying armoured tanks, the liner was made from copper, however in 1936 Dr Ronald Richter inadvertently discovered superheated Lithium reacted with Deuterium, an isotope of Hydrogen in Heavy water, to cause nuclear fusion. 

Nuclear fusion was instantly recognised as a useful property for generating external neutrons for igniting an explosion in the fissile core of a nuclear weapon. With this method a fissile mass below the point of natural critical mass could be raised to criticality in an instant. 

In order to create such an effect the liner had to be made from Lithium. The target had to be composed of Deuterium. As a liquid Deuterium proved to hard to contain as a target, however as a Hydride of Lithium, it could be used to coat a fissile target. When detonation occurred the resulting effect was known as a Deuteron beam.

The Neutron Flux applied externally to a small fissile mass, whether it be Uranium 233, Uranium 235, or Plutonium 239 ensured uniform distribution of neutrons at the point of criticality, thus overcoming a major inefficiency in the Allied Atomic bombs of 1945.  

Detonation Process

1) The bomb worked like this. At the core was a small mass of Uranium 233 much like the size of a marble. It was coated with Lithium Deuteride and Beryllium oxide. It was place at the very centre between two comes made of Lithium metal. The cavity was evacuated to form a vacuum. In later designs there was also a sphere, between the Lithium cones and the fissile "marble."

2) The two cones were then mated together and a vacuum formed inside the two cups. special fast acting explosives were packed around the outside of these cones;

3) At the moment of detonation two detonators were fired simultaneously at the apex of each Lithium cup;

4) The surrounding explosion enlarged shockwaves beginning at the apex of each cone pushing the apex inwards. This deformed the Lithium cups and effectively inverted the cone in a slug of molten Lithium moving at supersonic speeds. This Lithium in a microsecond turned into a Plasma shockwave. As the Lithium Plasma shockwave reached the fissile marble, their impact with the Deuteride coating caused a plasma pinch, or put another way their ionised state generated X-rays which triggered nuclear fusion between Lithium and deuterium which inundated the fissile mass with a mass of neutrons. The rush of neutrons had entirely the same effect as placing the fissile marble at the heart of a larger critical mass;

Cutaway Description:

Below is a schematic diagram based on a post war patent by the scientists who developed this design from 1942 to 1943;

Schumann & Trinks would also have had the benefit of a scientific paper from Japan in 1941,* disclosing a photo-fission method for generating artificial radiation. Photo-fission for example can be harnessed to transmute Uranium 238 to Plutonium without the need for a nuclear reactor.

Useful Web Links:


Nazi Bell project

Put most simply the Nazi Bell was in fact a heavy particle accelerator used as an artificial neutron source to breed Protactinium 233 from Thorium 232. Protactinium would naturally degrade after 27 days into pure bomb grade Uranium 233. Heisenberg advocated this method at the Harneck Haus conference in July 1942 and worked closely with Swiss engineer Dr Walter Dallenbach at a secret facilty known as "Forschungsstelle D" to develop the Nazi bell. 

 It harnessed the fluorescent quality of Mercury to cause collisions between electrons and photons, which in result released thermal neutrons. The device was surrounded by a concave beryllium mirror to reflect neutrons back into a mass of Thorium oxide placed at the core. The machine generated this X-ray plasma in orbit around an axle which spun two carefully phased contrarotating drums.  

How the Story Emerges

In August 1997 a Polish Intelligence officer with access to Polish Government documents made writer Igor Witkowski aware of the Nazi Bell. Original documents came from war crime interrogation of former SS Lt General Jakob Sporrenberg after the war.  

According to Witkowski whilst working as a military journalist, an undisclosed member of Polish military intelligence showed him some interesting documents. Witkowski recieved discreet access over a period of a month during which he transcribed files by hand. These documents have not been independently verified, however there are several less well detailed corroborations of the Bell project from entirely different sources.

Witkowski read of a centrifuge device shaped like a Bell with hemispherical domed top. The outer Bell was made of a three inch thick ceramic material, much like a high voltage insulator. Said to be 9 feet in diameter and 12-14 feet high. It consumed prodigious amounts of electrical power and glowed violet-blue when operated for short periods. 

Inside the Bell were located two contra rotating drums. [1] Mercury (alternate accounts say amalgams of mercury) was spun inside these drums. Jelly like compounds of Beryllium with Thorium were located in flasks within the central axis. Beryllium compounds in use were called “Xerum 525.” During WW2 Jelly like parraffin was used as a moderator in some reactor experiments, thus by iimplication Xerum 525 most likely contained Beryllium and Thorium suspended in Parraffin. 

Dr Ing Ernst Nagelstein visited a conference in Switzerland on 2 November 1944 where he disclosed to an OSS agent present that Auer was refining Thorium to metal and there was no known use for Thorium. He also reported that Otto Hahn was working on A-bomb using either Uranium or Thorium 

Thorium was mined in Silesia near the Bell's location. Even larger stocks were available in France. When the Allies landed at Normandy in 1944, Germany urgently shipped tons of French Thorium eastwards deep into Germany by rail. Why ship it so urgently and what made it so important? 

Secret Code Names

Numerous Top Secret codenames are associated with the so-called Nazi Bell. The term Nazi Bell however is just a modern affectation, due to the device's resemblance to a Bell. When the Bell turned up on a German plane in Argentina however in May 1945, Argentine Intelligence referred in a report which was classified until 1993, calling it the "Bell." 

Priority classification was invoked for the Bell in 1944, quoted as SS/1940. This classification was cited seeking the release from arrest of engineer Richard Cremer from a 2 year sentence for defeatist attitudes. The name Charite-Anlage applied specifically to engineering and manufacture of the Bell itself. 

Another code name associated was Der Laternenträger (Lantern Bearer), a loose metaphor for the Light Bearer, Lucifer presumably refers to medical and biological experiments with radiation. It may also refer to the weaponisation of nuclear material produced by the Bell. Der Laternenträger research was based in Furstenstein Castle according to Gross Rosen camp survivor, Professor Mieczyslaw Moldavia. Researchers involved with this project were also investigating and testing pressure suits for a manned V-2 rocket known as the A-9, part of a manned two stage rocket for attacking New York.  

The project was also known as Kronos (Saturn) one of which refers to the nuclear physics aspect of experiments with the Bell. Given the Bell exploited spin polarisation of atoms to create a plasma, it would be entirely fitting to apply Kronos as reference to the rings of Saturn.

The final, but most well known code name was Die Glocke. There is no clear indication what this refers however it probably relates to a poem by Freidrich Schiller, called "Das Lied von der Glocke" (Song of the Bell). An excerpt of the poem below:

Take wood from the trunk of the fir, 
But let it be quite dry, 
That the compressed flame 
Roars into the furnace's chamber. 
   Cooks the copper's soup, 
   Quickly bring the tin thereto, 
That the viscous meal for the bell, 
Floweth in the manner right.

What within the dam's deep pit  
Was built by hand with fire's help,  
In the towers bell floor high up  
Loudly will proclaim of us.  
Endure it will in later days  
And touch many a human ear  
And with the grieving will lament  
And join its voice to the service's choir.  
What down below for Earth's son  
The changing destinies will bring,  
That beats on the metallic crown,  
Which edifyingly passes it on.

White bubbles I now see burst, 
Well! The masses are in flow. 
Let the salt of ashes permeate it, 
That accelerates the casting. 
   From foam too 
   The mixture must be free, 
That from the pure metal 
Pure and full the voice may sound.

It tells the story of casting a bell, but in the process also parodies life and the development of manhood. It's talk of purity spoke to Nazis on many levels both relating to purity of the metal and purity of race. My speculative conjecture is that Die Glocke was code for the forging of an Atomic weapon.

Bell's Scientific Purpose?

One theory and it is my personal theory, is that the Bell used a hitherto barely mentioned alternate method
to acquire fissile Uranium for Atomic weaponry. Not Uranium 235, but rather Uranium 233 - a method which relies upon the spin polarisation of atoms in a plasma. It is an electrically induced state of matter in addition to those which we are normally used to, namely solids, liquids, or gas. 

Principle scientist in charge of the Projekt Thor, was Prof Walther Gerlach. In 1922 he became famous as an understudy to Otto Stern, for their discovery of the deflection of atoms in a magnetic field, known as the Stern–Gerlach effect. This was also the basis of Quantum Physics. 

When Stern fled Jewish persecution Gerlach continued research at Goeth Institute, Frankfurt am Main where in 1933 he experimented with the fluroesence of Mercury under the influence of magnetic fields. Gerlach had also worked on transmutation of elements by photo chemistry.  

I suggest the Bell, combined spin polarisation with another effect, photo-chemisty pioneered in 1936 by Dr Ronald Richter. Richter developed Carbide arc plasma furnaces for a chemical plant at Eger in Czechoslovakia. When the plant switch to developing Lithium batteries for U-boats Richter discovered he could induce radiation by injecting Deuterium into the Lithium plasma.  
With photo-chemistry the concept creates a dense plasma contained by powerful electric magnets to cause fluorescence in Mercury. Excited Mercury ions would then cause Berylium to emit slow neutrons to be captured by Thorium 232, changing it into Uranium 233.

A variation of this method using Uranium 238 could also concievably breed Plutonium for atomic weapons without the need for a nuclear reactor.   

One possible explanation why contra rotation was required of the drums may have been to do with reverse shear of the spin polarisation. First drums would work together to spin a polarised plasma in one direction. Then the outer drum would have reversed direction to induce a shock wave, releasing gamma radiation. 

Project Thor began with Heeres Versuchanstalt (No.10 - Laboratory, Wehrmacht), in January 1942. The project office was located west of Breslau (modern Wroclaw) at Neumarkt. On 1 November 1943, Thor moved into it's new home, a complex built beneath Gandau air base. Thor operated in partnership with private joint ventures by Fürstenau und Co. GmbH, AEG, Siemens and Bosch.     

Thor also seems to have involved a powerful Tesla Coil, or Van der Graff generator built near Frankfurt am Main. Radiation from high voltage discharges were reported to have stopped engines of bomber aircraft flying overhead. This prompted a special Allied investigation called Project 1217 to investigate whether radiation discharges were a new form of weapon. 

Prof Walther Gerlach who headed Thor for Heereswaffenamt was a dedicated scientist. In 1943 Gerlach received the Nobel prize for his work on spin polarisation of atoms. This itself was peculair because his published work on the subject was in the 1920s and early 1930s. What prompted the awarding of recognition in 1943? 

As an administrator, in emergency measures to progress the German A-bomb project, Gerlach was also charged with procuring fissile Uranium from January 1944. He was appointed in charge of the entire Uranium project by Heereswaffenamt, replacing Dr Abraham Essau. 

Documents captured by ALSOS at Strassburg, often referred to as the Goudsmitt Papers which were classified after the War today reveal drawings of a tall standing device, looking like a Van der Graff generator, or perhaps a Tesla Coil. At the very top inside it's spherical head was a spinning device. In the margin are notes describing 5 million volts!  

Nazi research papers captured at Strassburg concerning wartime nuclear projects were classified and archived in USA. One report has a diagram of a tall cylindrical device said in the plan to generate 5 Million Electron Volts (5MeV). This device resembled a giant Van der Graff generator and had no obvious purpose for a conventional nuclear reactor.[2]

At the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biophysics in 1940, biologist Boris Rajewsky raised concerns about increased experimentation with artificial radiation and called for a project to research the effects of radiation. A 3 million volt device was built for Rajewsky's research whose existence remains obscure.   

When Gerlach took over from Essau in January 1944 he shunned KWI's extravagant and wasteful research projects. He focused exclusively on development of nuclear weapons. At a meeting with Mentzell and Schumann in October 1944 they passed a motion not to turn over the still unfinished 3 million volt machine to Rajewsky because other previous high voltage "neutron generators" had been destroyed by Allied bombing. The new machine was vital for "the production of neutrons in physics and in the physics of explosives." No information is available to identify what these earlier neutron generators were, or where their location was. [3]   

Charite Anlage

After 22 July 1944, the SS took over all nuclear projects from Heereswaffenamt
. Thor was replaced by Charite Anlange along with a host of other codenames issued by SS Armaments office, Forschungen Entwicklungen, Patente (research development work patents) FEP headed by Admiral Rhein.

The armaments office was headed by SS Brigadeführer Heinrich Gärtner. The Bell project itself was  headed by SS Obergruppenfuhrer Emil Mazauw. SS Lt General Dr Hans Kammler has often been mentioned in relation to the Bell project however Kammler’s command appears connected more with armaments production whilst Mauzaw’s command was focused on research and development. It is possible however given his responsability for nuclear weapons that he was connected with the weaponisation of material produced by the Bell. [4]

Furstenstein Castle

Almost exactly a year after it arrived at Breslau, as Soviet forces fought across Poland the Bell was shifted a short distance south into foothills of the Owl Mountains inside a complex of tunnels beneath Furstenstein castle. The complex had been built by organisation Todt under the supervision of Xavier Dorsch These tunnels included a 2 kilometre long subterranean rail connection with the main railway line through Lubiechow in the valley below. The tunnel was connected with the castle above by elevator in a 50 metre tall shaft.

Laboratories for developing electrical discharge systems for the Bell were at Neumarkt (modern Sroda Slaska) and Leubus (modern Lubiaz) disguised in the facility of Schlesische Wekstätten dr F
űrstenau, (Furstenstein Castle) with corporate involvement by AEG (AEG-Allgemeine Elektrizitaets-Gesellschaft, Annaberg in Erzgebirge -bn) and Seimens (control mechanism). Manufacture of the complex, contra-rotating centrifugal drum mechanism was performed by BMAG (Berlin Anhaltische Maschinenbau AG) located at Dessau, home of the sprawling Junkers aircraft factory complex. In this context, BMAG was also awarded a contract for industrial scale production of Dr Erich Bagge's Isotope Sluice centrifuges.

A sizeable underground facility existed at Schloss Fürstenstein (underneath Fürstenstein Castle) lower Silesia. Nearby and to the east The main Nazi Bell facility itself was located in the Wenceslas mine at Ludwigsdorf (modern Ludwikowize). First experiments with the Nazi Bell occurred in May and June 1944.

Evidence of the Project's existence

At Farm Hall after the War whilst interned by the Allies
, Prof Gerlach complained to collegues about difficulties assembling the engineers required for his photo-chemistry project. [5][6]

Gerlach:  It is not true that we neglected the separation of isotopes. On the contrary, we discussed the whole thing at Tubingen in February and there was a meeting at Munich. Clusius, Harteck and I said that this photo chemical thing must be done. It took until the end of the year before the people who could do it were got together and the spectrograph obtained and special accommodation acquired, as the Litz Institute had been smashed up.

Infact project engineer, SS officer and ardent Nazi Dr Kurt Debus, denounced his collegue at AEG, Dr Richard Cremer to the Gestapo. On Cremer's behalf another collegue Dr Carl Ramsuer intervened and wrote to the Gestapo about the importance of Cremer's work referring to the nature of their project:

Loosly translated as language is not my strength the message says:

Herr Doctor-engineer Richard Kremer from AEG transformer factory, together with the research institute of AEG is developing the project with regard to high voltage, which was commissioned by the Office of Army Ordinance as a secret device, for deciding the course of war.

Realisation of this project is half dependent on Kremer, who is only AEG employee qualified in this special field of electricity. Without the co-operation of Kremer further implementation of this project is impossible. Can we not choose to temporarily waive punishment?

Anti Gravity Claims

Unfortunately the Nazi Bell attracts a lot of outlandish claims linking it to anti-gravity theories, or claims that it was a propulsion system for UFOs. I do not subscribe to, nor agree with such claims.

Some such claims may have been intended as disinformation by Sporrenberg to his interrogators. Others may be founded on Dr Ronald Richter's work in Argentina during the early 1950s on plasma shockwave induced fusion and his claims in a letter seeking work in USA on plasma ramjet engines. Richter claimed this engine could enable vertical take of fighters, but with fuel consumption 20 times greater than that of a comparable jet engine. 

Joseph Farrell wrote that Gerlach never before the war referred to Gravitational physics, nor after the war returned to the subject. Oddly I point out that Gerlach made no reference to the subject during the war either. Farrell apparently ignores the obvious that this absence only corroborates the Bell had nothing to do with anti-gravity.

Gerlach never applied himself to gravitational physics during the war period. Farrell quotes Nick Cook in the book Hunt for Zero Point, suggesting that Gerlach was frightened off the subject, yet this is just circular reasoning, trying to suggest that because he never... EVER referred to gravitational physics, therefore he must have been a cover-up.  These comments should be consigned to the illogical scrap heap of disinformation. There was no such connection. Farrell and others use interpretations, or inferences to qualify their claims. 

Identities within the Bell Project

Of the other Nazi engineers or scientists claimed, or thought to be involved with the Nazi Bell, were Prof Kurt Debus, Dr Ronald Richter, Ing Otto Cerny, Dr Otto Ambros, Dr Elizabeth Adler and Ing Dr Richard Cramer. Witkowski  in his book noted from Polish Intelligence sources that the SS shot 66 scientists involved with the Bell to prevent their falling into Soviet hands.[7] These however may have been captured Soviet and eastern European “guest workers.”

There are two distinct bodies of scientists and engineers involved. Those who developed the device itself Like Richter, Cremer, Cerny and Debus, were more in the realm of high voltage electrical engineers. Ambros, Adler and Gerlach on the other hand were more likely concerned with the applications of the Bell device.

Photo of a Ju-290, four engined relative of the Ju-390 which evacuated the Bell.

Dr Elizabeth Adler was a mathematician said to have been evacuated with the Bell and Debus on a Junkers Ju-390 flight in April 1945.[8] [9]Mathematics play an important role in calculating particle deflection in quantum physics. No record of Adler survives the war, however Gerlach's assistant before the war was a talented mathematician Miss Elisabeth Borman who had also worked for Max Born. It is known that their favourite hotel in Stockholm was the Adler Hotel. 

Dr Otto Ambros was expert in Chemical warfare and chairman of Albert Speer's "S" Committee. The Bell served two different projects. One for nuclear physics and the other for biological warfare research, in particular studying the effects of radiation exposure on Concentration camp inmates, animals and plants. 

Bell Engineers

Kurt Debus is best known for his role in managing V-2 launches for the SS and later working for NASA on Apollo moon launches. He also had expertise however in the measurement of high voltage discharges. His official NASA biography says:

Born in Frankfurt, Germany, in 1908, Dr. Debus received all his schooling in that country. He attended Darmstadt University where he earned his initial and advanced degrees in mechanical and electrical engineering. He served as a graduate assistant on the faculty for electrical engineering and high-voltage engineering while studying for his master’s degree. In 1939 he obtained his engineering doctorate with a thesis on surge voltages and was appointed assistant professor at the university. During this period he became actively engaged in the rocket research program at Peenemunde.

A common criticism of the Bell story is that the only reference to its existence is from Witkowski's claim of Sporrenberg's post war testimony, however Debus also described the Bell. Document dated   April 22, 1943 Foreign Scientist Case Files, K Debus NARA/RG 28, US Nat. Archive, College Park, Maryland USA.

Another reference to the Bell's existence comes from Prof Meiczyslaw Moldovia, a former prisoner of Gross Rosen Concentration camp who worked at the technical office in Furstenstein Castle. One of the few to survive.

Dr Otto Cerny revealed his role in the Nazi Bell in the early 1960s whilst working for NASA to Greg Rowe’s father. Greg recalled listening to the conversation as a child and recounted it for Henry Stevens. Cerny described it as something like a ring of stones with a hoop inside which sat the Bell. Cerny also mentioned a concave mirror above the axis through which one could see backwards.[10] The JIOA list of scientists most of whom were recruited for Operation Paperclip to work for USA. The list refers to Cerny as “Elec. Instal. on Supersonics” and that he had been attached to the technical University of Vienna. The Vienna technical university was involved with an underground SS nuclear facility at Melk and a nuclear research laboratory at Zell am See.

Cremer was a transformer engineer from Oberschönweide whom together with the AEG Research Institute was developing the Hochspannungsprojekt (High Voltages Project) under contract to Heereswaffenamt (HWA). This project was reborn under the SS in July 1944, codenamed Charite Anlage with the priority code reference SS/1040. When Cremer was denounced to the Gestapo by Gerlach, AEG Resarch institute’s Prof Dr. Carl Ramsaur defended Cremer’s importance to the war effort and the highest priority work of Prof Dr E. Schumann, to secure Cremer’s release. Ramsaur’s letter links the Bell with German atomic bomb research.

Clues to Bell’s Purpose

Dr Eric Schumann of course was working on designs in 1943 with Dr Walter Trinks for hollow, shaped charge tactical atomic weapons using Uranium 233 as their fissile mass. The question of course arises where would Schumann obtain extremely rare and hard to separate Uranium 233? 

The answer I suggest is the Bell produced Uranium 233 for Schumann. Rainer Karlsh’s book, Hitler’s Bombe relates that a team of physicists from Leibig University at Giessen carried out a lot of research at Ludwikowize, which is where the Nazi Bell was located. Sporrenberg commented on various animals and personnel dying horrible deaths after exposure to the Bell. He said their flesh would liquify. Giessen is north of Frankfurt am Main and it's research appears focused on genetics and biological research. Was this ghastly research to discover what radiation could do to Germany's enemies? 

Bell as a Uranium/Plutonium Breeder?

Otto Hahn experimented before the war with Lise Meitner on photo-fission techniques to determine the properties of slow neutrons and transmutation of elements. Because Hahn was not particularly gifted, or insightful, he relied heavily upon Meitner who as a Jewish scientist fled to Stockholm in 1938. Hahn used the excellent air mail service between Berlin and Stockholm throughout the war to seek Meitner’s advice and unwittingly was the prime security breech for Nazi Germany’s entire nuclear effort. Everything Hahn knew was relayed to MI5 through Operation Epsilon. [11] 

Dr Ing Ernst Nagelstein contacted the OSS in Switzerland on 2nd November 1944 and disclosed that the Auer Company was refining Thorium to metal and he claimed there was no known use in Germany  for Thorium. In pre war days Thorium had been used in toothpaste, but this use had ceased during the war. Apart from large captured stocks of Thorium in France, which were suddenly removed to Germany in 1944 after Normandy landings, Thorium was also mined in the Erzbirge, right next to the Wenceslas mine,  home to the Bell project. Nagelstein added that Otto Hahn was working on the Atomic bomb using either Thorium, or Uranium.

Other scientists known to have been involved included Dr Herman Oberth who in late September 1944 journeyed with Dr Herbert Jensen (nuclear physicist), Dr Edward Tholen and Dr Elizabeth Adler from Prague to Breslau. The Nazi Bell was located a short distance southwest of Breslau. [12]Oberth’s wartime expertise lay in developing special explosives. Schumann relied upon special high speed explosives for his shaped hollow charge mini nukes.

The importance of Schumann being linked with the Bell project is that he and Trinks had made a patent application for a hollow charge A-bomb which specified use of U233 as it’s fissile core. Thorium 232, if bombarded by Protons with less than 14MeV energy, may be transmuted to Uranium 233 without the risk of dangerous contamination by Uranium 232. This process is called Photo Fission, or Recoil Based Fuel Breeding. This method can also breed Plutonium 239 from Uranium 238.


[1]Witkowski, Igor. The Truth About the Wunderwaffe, p.231.
[2](NA Gerlach's Report dated 2 May 1945, RG 302, ref 244)
[3] Deichmann, Ute & Dunlap, Thomas. Biologists Under Hitler, p.13
[4]Farrell, Joseph. The SS Brotherhood of the Bell: The Nazis' Incredible Secret Technology. P.147-148
[5]Bernstein, Jeremy. Hitler's Uranium Club, The Secret recordings at Farm Hall. pp.134-135
[6]Litz Institiute, likeliest location Dessau aircraft manufacturing complex. Litz wire is a multi-braded wire for conducting very high voltage charges.
[7] Witkowski, Igor. The Truth About the Wunderwaffe, p.242-243. Witkowski believing these to be German scientists is perhaps unaware the degree to which captured Soviet scientists were recruited for work on SS projects and the probability that scientists who were shot were likely to be Russian scientists.  
[8]  [9] Bell evacuation flight noted in Farrell, Joseph. Giza Death Star Deployed, pp 115-130, based upon report of SS Hauptsturmfuhrer Rudolf Schuster's interrogation, Berlin Document Centre. 
[10] Stevens, Henry (2007) Adventures Unlimited Press. Hitler's Suppressed and Still Secret Weapons, Science and Technology. pp.251-255  
[11] Bodanis, David.  E=MC  p.105

 Witkowski, Igor. The Truth About the Wunderwaffe, p.257.

From Nazi Atomic Bomb Projects @ https://sites.google.com/site/naziabomb/ and https://sites.google.com/site/naziabomb/home/how-the-nazi-a-bomb-worked and https://sites.google.com/site/naziabomb/home/nazi-bell-project-background - see more via these links

The following intercepted Japanese diplomatic signal was intercepted during World War 2:
"Stockholm to Tokyo" No. 232.9 December 1944 (War Department), National Archives, RG 457,  declassified October 1, 1978.  

This bomb is revolutionary in its results, and will completely upset all ordinary precepts of warfare hitherto established. I am sending you, in one group, all those reports on what is called the atom-splitting bomb.

It is a fact that in June of 1943, the German Army tried out an utterly new type of weapon against the Russians at a location 150 kilometers southeast of Kursk. Although it was the entire 19th Infantry Regiment [Vorezneh Rifles*]  of the Russians which was thus attacked, only a few bombs (each round up to 5 kilograms) sufficed to utterly wipe them out to the last man.

The following is according to a statement by Lieutenant Colonel... Kenji, adviser to the attaché in Hungary and formerly... in this country, who by chance saw the actual scene immediately after the above took place:

“All the men and the horses [within radius of] the explosion of the shells were charred black and even their ammunition had all been detonated. Moreover, it is a fact that the same type of war material was tried out in the Crimea too. At that time the Russians claimed that this was poison gas, and protested that if Germany were ever again to use it, Russia, too, would use poison gas.”

Recently the British authorities warned their people of the possibility that they might undergo attack by German atom- splitting bombs. The American authorities have likewise warned that the American east coast might be the area chosen for a blind attack by some sort of flying bomb. 

This is not a fantasy or an illusion. The signal interception known as a MAGIC decrypt was kept classified after the war. The Japanese throughout WW2 had no knowledge that their encyphered diplomatic signals from Berlin and Stockholm were being read in London and Washington.

From Unexplained Mysteries @ http://www.unexplained-mysteries.com/forum/index.php?showtopic=191553

And see http://www.johnkettler.com/nazi-a-bomb-vs-russia-kursk-1943/#wp-comments

For more information about the hidden history of Nazis see http://nexusilluminati.blogspot.com/search/label/nazi
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